CAGE 2F318 - NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY
USA

NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY

CAGE Code: 2F318
DUNS: 806345542


Telephone:
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NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY is an Active Commercial Supplier with the Cage Code 2F318 and is tracked by Dun & Bradstreet under DUNS Number 806345542.

Additional Data For CAGE 2F318

SIC Code 1:8221
Status:A
Type:F
Size:E
Primary Business:N
Type of Business:N
Woman Owned:N
CAO:N68583
ADP CNT CT:N68583

USA Government Contracting Activity for 2F318

Monday, December 11, 2017
$424,899.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE PLANETARY LEARNING THAT ADVANCES THE NEXUS OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND SCIENCE PLANETS PROJECT IS AN INNOVATIVE COLLABORATIVE PARTNERSHIP TO DEVELOP THREE OUT OF SCHOOL TIME OST MODULES THAT INTEGRATE PLANETARY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING. THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY THE USGS ASTROGEOLOGY SCIENCE CENTER THE MUSEUM OF SCIENCE BOSTON AND OST NETWORKS WILL PROVIDE STUDENTS AND EDUCATORS WITH CURRENT RELEVANT AND ENGAGING PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT DELIVERED THROUGH OST SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES. PLANETS AIMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS AND USE OF NASA RESOURCES BY HIGHLIGHTING THE SYNERGISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INVOLVED IN PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSIONS. WE WILL MEET THIS GOAL THROUGH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES. 1 MODEL AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN PLANETARY SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS OST CURRICULUM DEVELOPERS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PD EXPERTS AND OST NETWORKS MERGING COMBINED EXPERTISE IN A SYNERGISTIC SUSTAINABLE AND PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP. 2 DEVELOP NATIONALLY AVAILABLE CURRICULAR UNITS AND NOVEL ANCILLARY MATERIALS FOR OST CONTEXTS BY INTEGRATING NEW AND EXISTING PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE SMD ASSETS PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT AND ENGINEERING PROCESSES AND HABITS OF MIND TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH STUDENTS PRINCIPALLY THOSE UNDERREPRESENTED IN STEM FIELDS. 3 CREATE PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED FOR SELF DIRECTED LEARNING THAT ENABLE OST EDUCATORS TO EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENT PROGRAM MATERIALS TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH EDUCATORS. 4 WIDELY DISSEMINATE CURRICULAR AND PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED TO INCREASE ACCESS TO AND USE OF PLANETARY SMD ASSETS WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO REACHING UNDERREPRESENTED POPULATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE REGARDING TEACHING AND LEARNING PRACTICES IN OST ACTIVITIES GAINED AS A RESULT OF THE PROJECT. THE NASA PLANETARY SCIENCE DIVISION PSD ASKS FIVE FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE QUESTIONS IN PURSUIT OF ITS STRATEGIC GOAL TO ADVANCE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THE POTENTIAL FOR LIFE ELSEWHERE AND THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES PRESENT AS HUMANS EXPLORE SPACE. 1 HOW DID THE SUN S FAMILY OF PLANETS AND MINOR BODIES ORIGINATE? 2 HOW DID THE SOLAR SYSTEM EVOLVE TO ITS CURRENT DIVERSE STATE? 3 WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THAT LED TO THE ORIGIN OF LIFE? 4 HOW DID LIFE BEGIN AND EVOLVE ON EARTH AND HAS IT EVOLVED ELSEWHERE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM? 5 WHAT ARE THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL AFFECT THE EXTENSION OF HUMAN PRESENCE IN SPACE? THESE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS OCCUR AT THE INTERSECTION OF MANY SCIENCES AND ARE ANSWERED THROUGH THE JUNCTURE OF ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES. EXPERTISE IN THESE DISCIPLINES REQUIRES A STRONG MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND. THUS THE PSD QUESTIONS LOGICALLY FEED INTO STEM EDUCATION. WE WILL DEVELOP OST CURRICULA BASED ON THESE QUESTIONS ALIGNED WITH NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS AND GROUNDED IN STEM TEACHING AND LEARNING BEST PRACTICES. DRAWING UPON STRENGTHS AND EXPERTISE IN PLANETARY SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND LEARNING DESIGN THE PLANETS COLLABORATION WILL RESULT IN THE CREATION OF MATERIALS THAT MAKE PLANETARY SMD CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ENGINEERING AVAILABLE TO OST EDUCATORS AND ULTIMATELY LEARNERS OF ALL BACKGROUNDS. AS LEARNERS ENGAGE WITH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CHALLENGES THAT HELP THEM BETTER UNDERSTAND THE STEPS PLANETARY SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS TAKE AS THEY SOLVE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS RELATED TO SPACE EXPLORATION THEY LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR INCREASED US STEM LITERACY.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX16AC53A  
Friday, December 8, 2017
($57.80)
1400: Department of the Interior
140G03: OFFICE OF ACQUISITON GRANTS

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF, STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS, 0040215276; MOD0001, 0040304285; MOD P00002, 2017-7085
B509: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- ENDANGERED SPECIES: PLANT/ANIMAL

  ING15PX01613     G15PS00781  
Thursday, November 30, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE ROSES A.41 SOLICITATION HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED WITHIN THE EARTH SCIENCE COMMUNITY TO DEVELOP A MORE COMPLETE AND MORE ACCURATE UNDERSTANDING OF THE TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL BEHAVIOR OF PLANT AND ANIMALS SPECIES. IT SPECIFICALLY CALLS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TIME SERIES MEASUREMENTS OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS WITH THE SPATIOTEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMAL POPULATIONS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES FOR IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE." PHENOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS (THE STUDY OF CYCLIC AND SEASONAL NATURAL PHENOMENA, ESPECIALLY IN RELATION TO CLIMATE AND PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE) ARE HIGHLY RELEVANT TO THESE NEEDS. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE EXISTING EFFORTS TO COLLECT PHENOLOGICALLY-RELEVANT INFORMATION, INCLUDING A RANGE OF DATA FROM IN SITU, TO NEAR-SURFACE CAMERAS AND FLUX TOWERS, TO AIRBORNE DATA, TO POLAR ORBITING AND GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES. THERE ARE ALSO SIGNIFICANT EFFORTS TO PROVIDE GRIDDED HISTORICAL AND PROJECTED CLIMATE DATA. HOWEVER, THERE IS NO CONSOLIDATED EFFORT TO COMPILE SPATIALLY-ASSOCIATED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION INTO A DATA FRAMEWORK THAT WOULD IMPROVE INFORMATION COMPARISON AND REUSE, FACILITATE COLLABORATION WITHIN THE RESEARCH COMMUNITY, AND INCREASE THE SPEED OF PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION OF RESULTS RELATED TO THE NEEDS IDENTIFIED IN THE SOLICITATION. HERE, OUR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP AN ADVANCED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (APIS). THE SYSTEM WILL INCORPORATE TOOLS, WORKFLOWS, AND SOFTWARE FOR BRINGING PHENOLOGICAL AND CLIMATE DATA TOGETHER. APIS WILL BE DESIGNED TO LEVERAGE EXISTING EXPERTISE, TECHNIQUES, AND NETWORKS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. THE PRIMARY BENEFIT OF THIS EFFORT IS THAT IT WILL FOCUS ON PROVIDING PHENO-CLIMATIC DATA IN WAY THAT WOULD ALLOW THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY TO TEST FAMILIES OF HYPOTHESES GENERATED FROM THE SEED HYPOTHESIS THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS INFLUENCING THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND TEMPORAL BEHAVIOR OF KEY POPULATIONS OF ORGANISMS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  80NSSC17K0582  
Friday, November 17, 2017
$81,154.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE ROSES A.41 SOLICITATION HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED WITHIN THE EARTH SCIENCE COMMUNITY TO DEVELOP A MORE COMPLETE AND MORE ACCURATE UNDERSTANDING OF THE TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL BEHAVIOR OF PLANT AND ANIMALS SPECIES. IT SPECIFICALLY CALLS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TIME SERIES MEASUREMENTS OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS WITH THE SPATIOTEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMAL POPULATIONS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES FOR IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE." PHENOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS (THE STUDY OF CYCLIC AND SEASONAL NATURAL PHENOMENA, ESPECIALLY IN RELATION TO CLIMATE AND PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE) ARE HIGHLY RELEVANT TO THESE NEEDS. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE EXISTING EFFORTS TO COLLECT PHENOLOGICALLY-RELEVANT INFORMATION, INCLUDING A RANGE OF DATA FROM IN SITU, TO NEAR-SURFACE CAMERAS AND FLUX TOWERS, TO AIRBORNE DATA, TO POLAR ORBITING AND GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES. THERE ARE ALSO SIGNIFICANT EFFORTS TO PROVIDE GRIDDED HISTORICAL AND PROJECTED CLIMATE DATA. HOWEVER, THERE IS NO CONSOLIDATED EFFORT TO COMPILE SPATIALLY-ASSOCIATED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION INTO A DATA FRAMEWORK THAT WOULD IMPROVE INFORMATION COMPARISON AND REUSE, FACILITATE COLLABORATION WITHIN THE RESEARCH COMMUNITY, AND INCREASE THE SPEED OF PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION OF RESULTS RELATED TO THE NEEDS IDENTIFIED IN THE SOLICITATION. HERE, OUR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP AN ADVANCED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (APIS). THE SYSTEM WILL INCORPORATE TOOLS, WORKFLOWS, AND SOFTWARE FOR BRINGING PHENOLOGICAL AND CLIMATE DATA TOGETHER. APIS WILL BE DESIGNED TO LEVERAGE EXISTING EXPERTISE, TECHNIQUES, AND NETWORKS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. THE PRIMARY BENEFIT OF THIS EFFORT IS THAT IT WILL FOCUS ON PROVIDING PHENO-CLIMATIC DATA IN WAY THAT WOULD ALLOW THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY TO TEST FAMILIES OF HYPOTHESES GENERATED FROM THE SEED HYPOTHESIS THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS INFLUENCING THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND TEMPORAL BEHAVIOR OF KEY POPULATIONS OF ORGANISMS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  80NSSC17K0582  
Friday, November 3, 2017
($3,420.04)
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
CENTRAL PITS ARE SEEN INSIDE MANY MARTIAN IMPACT CRATERS AND HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED TO BE INDICATORS OF SUBSURFACE VOLATILES. MARTIAN CENTRAL PITS ARE DIVIDED INTO FLOOR PITS (PIT OCCURS DIRECTLY ON CRATER FLOOR) AND SUMMIT PITS (PIT OCCURS ATOP A CENTRAL PEAK). AN INITIAL 3-YEAR MDAP-FUNDED STUDY OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS PRODUCED THE FIRST COMPLETE CATALOG OF THESE FEATURES FOR CRATERS 5-KM-DIAMETER AND LARGER ACROSS THE PLANET. WE HAVE INVESTIGATED THE DIAMETER RANGES OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PIT AND CRATER DIAMETERS, PRESERVATIONAL STATE OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, AND REGIONAL CONCENTRATIONS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. ANALYSIS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATER CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTIONS HAVE LED US TO REJECT ONE PROPOSED FORMATION MODEL (COLLAPSE OF CENTRAL PEAK), BUT THREE MORE FORMATION MODELS STILL REMAIN PLAUSIBLE (EXCAVATION INTO LAYERED TARGETS, VAPORIZATION OF TARGET ICE, AND DRAINAGE OF IMPACT-INDUCED MELT INTO SUBSURFACE FRACTURES). WE PROPOSE A NEW 4-YEAR DETAILED INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHARACTERISTICS AND FORMATION OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. WE WILL PRODUCE GEOLOGIC MAPS OF TWELVE NON-DEGRADED CENTRAL PITS USING THEMIS, CTX, AND HIRISE DATA. WE WILL INCORPORATE CRISM MINERALOGIC DATA TO INFORM THE GEOLOGIC MAPPING EFFORT. WE WILL UTILIZE EXISTING OR PRODUCE NEW HRSC/HIRISE DTMS OF THESE MAPPED CENTRAL PIT CRATERS TO INVESTIGATE THE MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE FEATURES. WE ALSO WILL CONDUCT A MORE DETAILED STUDY OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RIMMED AND NON-RIMMED FLOOR PITS AND HOW THE RIMMED FLOOR PITS COMPARE WITH THE SUMMIT PITS. WE WILL USE THE DTM DATA TOGETHER WITH SHADOW MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES TO OBTAIN PIT DEPTHS AND DETERMINE IF CENTRAL PITS DISPLAY A SPECIFIC DEPTH-DIAMETER RELATIONSHIP. THE GOAL OF THIS STUDY WILL BE TO COMPLETE THE FIRST DETAILED STUDY OF FRESH MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS AND FURTHER CONSTRAIN THE CONDITIONS WHICH FAVOR FORMATION OF THESE FEATURES. THE RESULTS OF THIS MORPHOLOGIC/MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS WILL PROVIDE USEFUL CONSTRAINTS TO RESEARCHERS CONDUCTING NUMERICAL MODELING OF HOW CENTRAL PITS FORM AND WILL ENHANCE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE OF VOLATILES IN THE NEAR-SURFACE REGION OF MARS.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AJ31G  
Wednesday, October 25, 2017
$100,050.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
ARCTIC BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD AND RESEARCH PROJECT ON MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC AND BOREAL BIOME SHIFT. ABOVE IS A NASA TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO ADDRESS LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ABOVE SCIENCE OBJECTIVES ARE BROADLY FOCUSED ON 1, GAINING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ARCTIC AND BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, AND 2, PROVIDING THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INFORMED DECISION MAKING TO GUIDE SOCIETAL RESPONSES AT LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL LEVELS. ABOVE RESEARCH LINKS FIELD BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AIRBORNE AND SATELLITE SENSORS, PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING THE ANALYSIS, AND MODELING CAPABILITIES NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND AND PREDICT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES AND SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AE44G  
Saturday, September 30, 2017
$86,449.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
OVER THE NEXT FEW DECADES, NASA AND ESA ARE PLANNING A SERIES OF SPACE-BASED OBSERVATORIES (HABEX) TO MEASURE THE SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF EARTH-SIZED EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETS IN REGIONS WHERE LIQUID WATER MAY BE PRESENT. IF THEY SUCCEED IN FINDING A PLANET WITH BOTH BIOGENIC GASSES IN THE ATMOSPHERE AND A RED-EDGE CHARACTERISTIC OF LIFE, WE WOULD WANT TO KNOW WHETHER THE LAND-BASED LIFE ON THIS PLANET IS SIMILAR TO THE GREEN PHOTOSYNTHETIC SLIME COMMON FOR MOST OF EARTH S HISTORY, OR WHETHER THIS LIFE HAS EVOLVED TO BE DIVERSE AND MULTI-CELLULAR. MULTI-CELLULAR PHOTOSYNTHETIC ORGANISMS ON EARTH (TREES) HAVE A DISTINCT BIDIRECTIONAL REFLECTANCE DISTRIBUTION FUNCTION (BRDF) CAUSING DIFFERING REFLECTANCE AT DIFFERENT SUN/VIEW GEOMETRIES. IN PREVIOUS WORK, WE EXAMINED WHETHER THE BRDF COULD DETECT THE EXISTENCE OF TREE-LIKE STRUCTURES ON AN EXTRA-SOLAR PLANET, BY USING CHANGES IN PLANETARY ALBEDO AS A PLANET ORBITS ITS STAR. WE USED A SEMI-EMPIRICAL BRDF MODEL TO SIMULATE VEGETATION REFLECTANCE AT DIFFERENT PLANETARY PHASE ANGLES AND FOUND THAT EVEN IF THE ENTIRE PLANETARY ALBEDO WERE RENDERED TO A SINGLE PIXEL, THE RATE OF INCREASE OF ALBEDO AS A PLANET APPROACHES FULL ILLUMINATION WOULD BE MEASURABLY GREATER ON A VEGETATED PLANET THAN ON A NON-VEGETATED PLANET (DOUGHTY AND WOLF 2010 ASTROBIOLOGY). WE HYPOTHESIZED THAT DEPENDING ON HOW ACCURATELY PLANETARY CLOUD COVER CAN BE RESOLVED AND CORONAGRAPH DESIGN, THIS TECHNIQUE COULD THEORETICALLY DETECT TREE-LIKE MULTI-CELLULAR LIFE ON EXOPLANETS IN 50 STELLAR SYSTEMS. HOWEVER, SUCH THEORETICAL WORK NEEDS EMPIRICAL VALIDATION. WE NEXT CARRIED OUT A PROOF OF CONCEPT OF THIS TECHNIQUE IN A MANNER SIMILAR TO SAGAN ET AL. (1993) BY USING GALILEO DATA TO DETERMINE IF MULTICELLULAR LIFE ON EARTH COULD BE DETECTED. HOWEVER, WE WERE UNSUCCESSFUL, LIKELY BECAUSE THERE WAS NO CHANGE IN PHASE ANGLE WITH THESE GALILEO DATA AND THE TECHNIQUE REQUIRES A LARGE CHANGE IN PHASE ANGLE (DOUGHTY AND WOLF 2016 PLOS ONE).
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  80NSSC17K0749  
Friday, September 15, 2017
$997,176.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::CL,CT::IGF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE DIVISION FOR PURPOSES OF CREATING A BACTERIAL SELECT AGENT (BSA) REPOSITORY AND TO ACT AS A TEST-BED FOR DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (DHS) ASSAYS.
AZ11: R&D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC17CB0021     HSHQDCF14RB0009OBAA14003C  
Friday, September 15, 2017
($10,171.47)
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY ADDRESSES NASA S TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM STATED GOAL OF IMPROVING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ECOSYSTEMS IN THE CYCLING OF MAJOR BIOGEOCHEMICAL ELEMENTS BETWEEN THE LAND AND THE ATMOSPHERE. WE PROPOSE TO QUANTIFY THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON CYCLING TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY USING EDDY-COVARIANCE BASED OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTELY SENSED INDICES, AND USE THESE SENSITIVITIES TO DERIVE A COMPREHENSIVE SET OF BENCHMARKS FOR IMPROVING LAND-SURFACE AND TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODELS. THIS PROJECT WILL ALSO SCALE THE CALCULATED SENSITIVITIES TO GENERATE GLOBAL MAPS OF CARBON FLUX ANOMALIES FROM 1900-2100 LINKED TO SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. AS A RESULT, THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS NASA S PROGRAM EMPHASIS ON 1) IMPROVING UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE, 2) QUANTIFYING HOW LARGE AND VARIABLE FLUXES OF CARBON WITHIN THE EARTH SYSTEM ARE, AND 3) QUANTIFYING HOW CARBON CYCLING WILL CHANGE OVER LONGER-TERM TIME SCALES. OUR APPROACH IS DATA-DRIVEN, AND INTEGRATES EDDY-COVARIANCE FLUXNET OBSERVATIONS WITH REMOTELY SENSED AND RETROSPECTIVE DATA TO ATTRIBUTE PAST AND FUTURE TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES ANOMALIES TO KEY ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. SCALING IS ACHIEVED THROUGH MERGING SENSITIVITIES WITH ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVER VARIABILITY (QUANTIFIED USING RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OR IPCC FUTURE SCENARIOS) AND DYNAMIC LAND COVER DATA. THIS WILL BE THE FIRST TIME THAT SENSITIVITY SURFACES, SUCH AS THOSE PROPOSED HERE, HAVE BEEN GENERATED. THE DERIVED SENSITIVITIES EXPRESS THE CHANGE IN CARBON FLUX RELATIVE TO A UNIT CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVER, AND PROVIDE STRONG OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS ON MODELED FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CARBON FLUX AND DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODELS ARE VALUABLE TOOLS FOR IMPROVING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF BIOPHYSICAL AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROCESS, AND THESE MODELS USE, TO DIFFERING EXTENTS, OBSERVED AND REMOTELY SENSED DATA FOR MODEL CALIBRATION AND INITIALIZATION. IN ADDITION TO GENERATING AN INDEPENDENT AND OBSERVATIONALLY-BASED ESTIMATE OF CARBON-CLIMATE SENSITIVITIES, THIS PRODUCT WILL ALSO PROVIDE NEEDED REFERENCE STANDARDS AND VALUABLE BENCHMARKS FOR REFINING TERRESTRIAL CARBON CYCLING MODELS. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT BUILDS UPON PAST CARBON CYCLE RESEARCH TO CREATE A NEW SYNTHESIS, ADVANCE THE RESULTS OF PRIOR RESEARCH, AND ENHANCE MODEL AND DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM UTILITY. THERE ARE FOUR MAIN STEPS IN THIS STUDY: 1) GENERATE DYNAMIC LAND-COVER MAPS FROM 1900-2100; 2) ESTIMATE CARBON FLUX SENSITIVITIES TO CLIMATIC DRIVERS (EVAPORATIVE FRACTION, AIR TEMPERATURE, DOWN WELLING RADIATION, HUMIDITY) FROM IN SITU, SITE-BASED OBSERVATIONS; AS WELL AS REMOTELY SENSED INDICES (ENHANCED VEGETATION INDEX, LEAF AREA INDEX, LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE); 3) BENCHMARK TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODEL OUTPUT USING THE SPATIALLY-SCALED SENSITIVITIES; AND 4) USING RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS AND IPCC SCENARIOS, TRANSLATE THE DERIVED SENSITIVITIES TO CARBON FLUX ANOMALIES FROM 1900 TO 2100. THROUGH STEPS 1 AND 2 WE WILL GENERATE MAPS OF SPATIALLY VARYING SENSITIVITIES TO ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS THAT CAN BE USED TO EVALUATE HOW WELL MODELS REPLICATE OBSERVED RESPONSES OF THE CARBON CYCLE TO CHANGES IN ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. FURTHERMORE, THE FLUX ANOMALIES DERIVED FROM THE SENSITIVITIES PROVIDE AN INDEPENDENT AND OBSERVATIONALLY-BASED ESTIMATE OF PAST AND FUTURE VARIABILITY IN THE CARBON CYCLE DUE TO CHANGING CLIMATE. OVERALL THIS PROJECT WILL FOSTER AN IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF CLIMATE-INDUCED VARIABILITY OF THE CARBON CYCLE BY INTEGRATING LAND-BASED AND SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS, AND WILL PROVIDE SEVERAL CRITICAL BENCHMARKS NEEDED TO IMPROVE OUR ABILITY TO MODEL AND UNDERSTAND THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AK12G  
Wednesday, September 13, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
DEPTH OF BURNING OF THE SOIL ORGANIC LAYER, SOL, AND RESULTANT CARBON, C, EMISSIONS FROM WILDFIRE IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF NET ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE SOL SEQUESTERS THE MAJORITY OF ECOSYSTEM C IN LAYERS THAT CAN BE HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD. DEEPER BURNING COULD RAPIDLY SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS A C CYCLE THRESHOLD, FROM NET ACCUMULATION OF C FROM THE ATMOSPHERE OVER MULTIPLE FIRE CYCLES, TO NET LOSS. YET DEEPER BURNING MUST RELEASE C THAT ESCAPED ONE OR MORE PREVIOUS FIRES WHICH WE TERM LEGACY C TO SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS INTO THE DOMAIN OF ACCELERATING FEEDBACK BETWEEN WARMING CLIMATE AND FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE WIDELY USED AND SCALABLE SOL CONSUMPTION METRICS WITH RADIOCARBON TECHNIQUES FOR AGING SOIL C TO ADDRESS THE FIRST KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND REGIONAL CONTROLS OVER THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C IN FOREST AND TUNDRA REGIONS OF THE ABOVE DOMAIN COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C INDICATES THAT A LARGER PROPORTION OF THE SOL WAS COMBUSTED IN THE CURRENT FIRE THAN IN THE PREVIOUS FIRE, PROVIDING HISTORIC CONTEXT FOR THE CURRENT FIRES SEVERITY. NEW FIRES THAT ARE GREATER IN SEVERITY THAN PAST FIRES ARE EXPECTED TO BE TO PUSH ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS THRESHOLDS IN PERMAFROST AND PLANT COMPOSITION, RENDERING C CYCLING VULNERABLE TO STATE CHANGE AFTER FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF LEGACY C LOSS WITH OBSERVATIONS OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO ADDRESS OUR SECOND KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF LEGACY C LOSS FOR POST FIRE PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION DYNAMICS? PROPOSED RESEARCH FOR THE FIELD CAMPAIGN WILL ADDRESS THESE KEY QUESTIONS BY LINKING FIELD-BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES OF LEGACY C COMBUSTION AND POST FIRE RESPONSES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS IN TWO REGIONS, MOIST ACIDIC TUNDRA NEAR TREELINE ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF THE ALASKA RANGE, ALASKA, AND BOREAL CONIFER FOREST IN THE TAIGA PLAINS AND SHIELD ECOREGIONS OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. THESE REGIONS PROVIDE STARK CONTRAST IN VEGETATION STRUCTURE, YET BOTH OCCUR ON WARM PERMAFROST SOILS THAT COULD BE VULNERABLE TO RAPID CHANGE FOLLOWING FIRE. RECENT EXTREME FIRE ACTIVITY IN BOTH REGIONS PROVIDES NATURAL GRADIENTS IN DEPTH OF BURNING ACROSS MULTIPLE, SPATIALLY INDEPENDENT BURN SCARS, MAKING THEM IDEAL FOR ADDRESSING THESE QUESTIONS. SPECIFIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES ARE TO: 1. DEVELOP A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND FIRE CHARACTERISTICS THAT CONTROL LEGACY C LOSS FROM TUNDRA AND BOREAL FOREST WILDFIRES IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN; 2. EXAMINE THE GENERALITY OF THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING BY SYNTHESIZING RESULTS WITH COMBUSTION AND RADIOCARBON DATA COLLECTED IN OTHER REGIONS; 3. ESTIMATE THE MAGNITUDE OF LEGACY C LOSS ACROSS LANDSCAPES WITHIN FIRE SCARS BY LINKING THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS; 4. DETERMINE ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY, FOCUSING ON ECOSYSTEM VULNERABILITY TO STATE CHANGE IN PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION; AND 5. PROJECT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY ACROSS FIRE SCARS AND IDENTIFY THE ECOSYSTEMS, LANDSCAPE POSITIONS, AND REGIONS AT THE GREATEST RISK OF STATE CHANGE UNDER AN INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH FITS WITHIN THE OVERARCHING FOCUS OF THE FIELD CAMPAIGN BECAUSE IT FOCUSES ON THE IMPACTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE AIM TO DEFINE A NOVEL DIMENSION OF FIRE DISTURBANCE, THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C, DIRECTLY ADDRESSES TIER 2 SCIENCE QUESTION 3.2 REGARDING PROCESSES CONTRIBUTING TO CHANGES IN DISTURBANCE REGIMES. FOCUS ON THE ECOSYSTEM CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LOSS CONTRIBUTE TO OTHER QUESTIONS, INCLUDING THE DIRECT CONTRIBUTION OF EMISSIONS TO LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE, Q 3.6, AND HOW LOSSES MAY INDIRECTLY ALTER PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS OVER C CYCLING, Q 3.6, PERMAFROST STATE, Q 3.3, SOIL DRAINAGE, Q 3.4, AND VEGETATION COMPOSITION, Q 3.5.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AT71A  
Tuesday, September 12, 2017
$101,000.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
COMPARISON OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE POOR AND VOLATILE RICH BODIES VIKING AND VOYAGER IMAGERY FIRST REVEALED THE ABUNDANCE OF IMPACT CRATERS WITH INTERIOR PITS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO IN THE LATE 1970S. THE APPARENT LACK OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON THE MOON AND MERCURY LED TO THE THEORY THAT SUBSURFACE VOLATILES WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FORMATION OF THIS CRATER MORPHOLOGY. HOWEVER, RECENT HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY OF MERCURIAN CRATERS FROM MESSENGER AND OF LUNAR CRATERS FROM THE LUNAR RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER LRO REVEAL THAT SOME CRATERS ON THESE BODIES DO DISPLAY CENTRAL PITS. THIS DISCOVERY INDICATES THAT EITHER 1. THE MOON AND MERCURY ARE MORE VOLATILE-RICH THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT, OR 2. THE CENTRAL PIT MORPHOLOGY CAN FORM IN THE ABSENCE OF A VOLATILE RICH CRUST. THE FIRST QUESTION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW THE LUNAR AND MERCURIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS COMPARE IN THEIR MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC PROPERTIES TO THEIR COUNTERPARTS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO. THE SECOND QUESTION TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW OUR UNDERSTANDING OF CENTRAL PIT FORMATION NEEDS TO BE REVISED IF VOLATILES ARE NOT NECESSARY FOR PIT FORMATION. THE PROPOSED INVESTIGATION WILL 1. COMPILE DATABASES OF THE MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ALL CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MERCURY, THE MOON, AND CALLLISTO USING MESSENGER, LRO, AND VOYAGER GALILEO DATA, RESPECTIVELY, 2. CONDUCT A COMPARISON STUDY OF THE CENTRAL PIT CHARACTERISTICS FOR CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH BODIES CALLISTO AND EXISTING DATA ACQUIRED FOR CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MARS AND GANYMEDE FROM PRIOR CURRENT MDAP AND OPR FUNDING, RESPECTIVELY, TO THE PI AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES THE MOON AND MERCURY, 3. USE THE RESULTS FROM STEPS 1 AND 2 TO INVESTIGATE THE GEOGRAPHIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH CENTRAL PIT CRATERS FORM ON THESE FIVE BODIES, AND 4. UTILIZE THE RESULTS FROM THIS STUDY TO DETERMINE WHETHER A SINGLE FORMATION MODEL CAN EXPLAIN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES OR IF MULTIPLE WORKING HYPOTHESES ARE NEEDED. THIS INVESTIGATION WILL PROVIDE THE FIRST COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON STUDY OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS THROUGHOUT THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND PROVIDE INSIGHT INTO WHAT THESE CRATERS ARE TELLING US ABOUT THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THEY FORM.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AN27G  
Tuesday, September 12, 2017
$25,000.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE ROSES A.41 SOLICITATION HIGHLIGHTS THE NEED WITHIN THE EARTH SCIENCE COMMUNITY TO DEVELOP A MORE COMPLETE AND MORE ACCURATE UNDERSTANDING OF THE TEMPORAL AND SPATIAL BEHAVIOR OF PLANT AND ANIMALS SPECIES. IT SPECIFICALLY CALLS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF TIME SERIES MEASUREMENTS OF KEY ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS WITH THE SPATIOTEMPORAL DISTRIBUTION OF ORGANISMAL POPULATIONS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES FOR IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE." PHENOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS (THE STUDY OF CYCLIC AND SEASONAL NATURAL PHENOMENA, ESPECIALLY IN RELATION TO CLIMATE AND PLANT AND ANIMAL LIFE) ARE HIGHLY RELEVANT TO THESE NEEDS. THERE ARE EXTENSIVE EXISTING EFFORTS TO COLLECT PHENOLOGICALLY-RELEVANT INFORMATION, INCLUDING A RANGE OF DATA FROM IN SITU, TO NEAR-SURFACE CAMERAS AND FLUX TOWERS, TO AIRBORNE DATA, TO POLAR ORBITING AND GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITES. THERE ARE ALSO SIGNIFICANT EFFORTS TO PROVIDE GRIDDED HISTORICAL AND PROJECTED CLIMATE DATA. HOWEVER, THERE IS NO CONSOLIDATED EFFORT TO COMPILE SPATIALLY-ASSOCIATED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION INTO A DATA FRAMEWORK THAT WOULD IMPROVE INFORMATION COMPARISON AND REUSE, FACILITATE COLLABORATION WITHIN THE RESEARCH COMMUNITY, AND INCREASE THE SPEED OF PRODUCTION AND PUBLICATION OF RESULTS RELATED TO THE NEEDS IDENTIFIED IN THE SOLICITATION. HERE, OUR OBJECTIVE IS TO DEVELOP AN ADVANCED PHENO-CLIMATIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (APIS). THE SYSTEM WILL INCORPORATE TOOLS, WORKFLOWS, AND SOFTWARE FOR BRINGING PHENOLOGICAL AND CLIMATE DATA TOGETHER. APIS WILL BE DESIGNED TO LEVERAGE EXISTING EXPERTISE, TECHNIQUES, AND NETWORKS AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE. THE PRIMARY BENEFIT OF THIS EFFORT IS THAT IT WILL FOCUS ON PROVIDING PHENO-CLIMATIC DATA IN WAY THAT WOULD ALLOW THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY TO TEST FAMILIES OF HYPOTHESES GENERATED FROM THE SEED HYPOTHESIS THAT CLIMATE CHANGE IS INFLUENCING THE SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND TEMPORAL BEHAVIOR OF KEY POPULATIONS OF ORGANISMS, COMMUNITIES, AND SPECIES.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  80NSSC17K0582  
Tuesday, September 5, 2017
$67,831.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE PLANETARY LEARNING THAT ADVANCES THE NEXUS OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND SCIENCE PLANETS PROJECT IS AN INNOVATIVE COLLABORATIVE PARTNERSHIP TO DEVELOP THREE OUT OF SCHOOL TIME OST MODULES THAT INTEGRATE PLANETARY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING. THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY THE USGS ASTROGEOLOGY SCIENCE CENTER THE MUSEUM OF SCIENCE BOSTON AND OST NETWORKS WILL PROVIDE STUDENTS AND EDUCATORS WITH CURRENT RELEVANT AND ENGAGING PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT DELIVERED THROUGH OST SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES. PLANETS AIMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS AND USE OF NASA RESOURCES BY HIGHLIGHTING THE SYNERGISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INVOLVED IN PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSIONS. WE WILL MEET THIS GOAL THROUGH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES. 1 MODEL AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN PLANETARY SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS OST CURRICULUM DEVELOPERS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PD EXPERTS AND OST NETWORKS MERGING COMBINED EXPERTISE IN A SYNERGISTIC SUSTAINABLE AND PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP. 2 DEVELOP NATIONALLY AVAILABLE CURRICULAR UNITS AND NOVEL ANCILLARY MATERIALS FOR OST CONTEXTS BY INTEGRATING NEW AND EXISTING PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE SMD ASSETS PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT AND ENGINEERING PROCESSES AND HABITS OF MIND TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH STUDENTS PRINCIPALLY THOSE UNDERREPRESENTED IN STEM FIELDS. 3 CREATE PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED FOR SELF DIRECTED LEARNING THAT ENABLE OST EDUCATORS TO EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENT PROGRAM MATERIALS TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH EDUCATORS. 4 WIDELY DISSEMINATE CURRICULAR AND PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED TO INCREASE ACCESS TO AND USE OF PLANETARY SMD ASSETS WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO REACHING UNDERREPRESENTED POPULATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE REGARDING TEACHING AND LEARNING PRACTICES IN OST ACTIVITIES GAINED AS A RESULT OF THE PROJECT. THE NASA PLANETARY SCIENCE DIVISION PSD ASKS FIVE FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE QUESTIONS IN PURSUIT OF ITS STRATEGIC GOAL TO ADVANCE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THE POTENTIAL FOR LIFE ELSEWHERE AND THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES PRESENT AS HUMANS EXPLORE SPACE. 1 HOW DID THE SUN S FAMILY OF PLANETS AND MINOR BODIES ORIGINATE? 2 HOW DID THE SOLAR SYSTEM EVOLVE TO ITS CURRENT DIVERSE STATE? 3 WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THAT LED TO THE ORIGIN OF LIFE? 4 HOW DID LIFE BEGIN AND EVOLVE ON EARTH AND HAS IT EVOLVED ELSEWHERE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM? 5 WHAT ARE THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL AFFECT THE EXTENSION OF HUMAN PRESENCE IN SPACE? THESE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS OCCUR AT THE INTERSECTION OF MANY SCIENCES AND ARE ANSWERED THROUGH THE JUNCTURE OF ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES. EXPERTISE IN THESE DISCIPLINES REQUIRES A STRONG MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND. THUS THE PSD QUESTIONS LOGICALLY FEED INTO STEM EDUCATION. WE WILL DEVELOP OST CURRICULA BASED ON THESE QUESTIONS ALIGNED WITH NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS AND GROUNDED IN STEM TEACHING AND LEARNING BEST PRACTICES. DRAWING UPON STRENGTHS AND EXPERTISE IN PLANETARY SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND LEARNING DESIGN THE PLANETS COLLABORATION WILL RESULT IN THE CREATION OF MATERIALS THAT MAKE PLANETARY SMD CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ENGINEERING AVAILABLE TO OST EDUCATORS AND ULTIMATELY LEARNERS OF ALL BACKGROUNDS. AS LEARNERS ENGAGE WITH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CHALLENGES THAT HELP THEM BETTER UNDERSTAND THE STEPS PLANETARY SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS TAKE AS THEY SOLVE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS RELATED TO SPACE EXPLORATION THEY LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR INCREASED US STEM LITERACY.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX16AC53A  
Friday, September 1, 2017
$623,818.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
DEPTH OF BURNING OF THE SOIL ORGANIC LAYER, SOL, AND RESULTANT CARBON, C, EMISSIONS FROM WILDFIRE IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF NET ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE SOL SEQUESTERS THE MAJORITY OF ECOSYSTEM C IN LAYERS THAT CAN BE HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD. DEEPER BURNING COULD RAPIDLY SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS A C CYCLE THRESHOLD, FROM NET ACCUMULATION OF C FROM THE ATMOSPHERE OVER MULTIPLE FIRE CYCLES, TO NET LOSS. YET DEEPER BURNING MUST RELEASE C THAT ESCAPED ONE OR MORE PREVIOUS FIRES WHICH WE TERM LEGACY C TO SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS INTO THE DOMAIN OF ACCELERATING FEEDBACK BETWEEN WARMING CLIMATE AND FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE WIDELY USED AND SCALABLE SOL CONSUMPTION METRICS WITH RADIOCARBON TECHNIQUES FOR AGING SOIL C TO ADDRESS THE FIRST KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND REGIONAL CONTROLS OVER THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C IN FOREST AND TUNDRA REGIONS OF THE ABOVE DOMAIN COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C INDICATES THAT A LARGER PROPORTION OF THE SOL WAS COMBUSTED IN THE CURRENT FIRE THAN IN THE PREVIOUS FIRE, PROVIDING HISTORIC CONTEXT FOR THE CURRENT FIRES SEVERITY. NEW FIRES THAT ARE GREATER IN SEVERITY THAN PAST FIRES ARE EXPECTED TO BE TO PUSH ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS THRESHOLDS IN PERMAFROST AND PLANT COMPOSITION, RENDERING C CYCLING VULNERABLE TO STATE CHANGE AFTER FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF LEGACY C LOSS WITH OBSERVATIONS OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO ADDRESS OUR SECOND KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF LEGACY C LOSS FOR POST FIRE PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION DYNAMICS? PROPOSED RESEARCH FOR THE FIELD CAMPAIGN WILL ADDRESS THESE KEY QUESTIONS BY LINKING FIELD-BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES OF LEGACY C COMBUSTION AND POST FIRE RESPONSES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS IN TWO REGIONS, MOIST ACIDIC TUNDRA NEAR TREELINE ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF THE ALASKA RANGE, ALASKA, AND BOREAL CONIFER FOREST IN THE TAIGA PLAINS AND SHIELD ECOREGIONS OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. THESE REGIONS PROVIDE STARK CONTRAST IN VEGETATION STRUCTURE, YET BOTH OCCUR ON WARM PERMAFROST SOILS THAT COULD BE VULNERABLE TO RAPID CHANGE FOLLOWING FIRE. RECENT EXTREME FIRE ACTIVITY IN BOTH REGIONS PROVIDES NATURAL GRADIENTS IN DEPTH OF BURNING ACROSS MULTIPLE, SPATIALLY INDEPENDENT BURN SCARS, MAKING THEM IDEAL FOR ADDRESSING THESE QUESTIONS. SPECIFIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES ARE TO: 1. DEVELOP A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND FIRE CHARACTERISTICS THAT CONTROL LEGACY C LOSS FROM TUNDRA AND BOREAL FOREST WILDFIRES IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN; 2. EXAMINE THE GENERALITY OF THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING BY SYNTHESIZING RESULTS WITH COMBUSTION AND RADIOCARBON DATA COLLECTED IN OTHER REGIONS; 3. ESTIMATE THE MAGNITUDE OF LEGACY C LOSS ACROSS LANDSCAPES WITHIN FIRE SCARS BY LINKING THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS; 4. DETERMINE ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY, FOCUSING ON ECOSYSTEM VULNERABILITY TO STATE CHANGE IN PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION; AND 5. PROJECT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY ACROSS FIRE SCARS AND IDENTIFY THE ECOSYSTEMS, LANDSCAPE POSITIONS, AND REGIONS AT THE GREATEST RISK OF STATE CHANGE UNDER AN INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH FITS WITHIN THE OVERARCHING FOCUS OF THE FIELD CAMPAIGN BECAUSE IT FOCUSES ON THE IMPACTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE AIM TO DEFINE A NOVEL DIMENSION OF FIRE DISTURBANCE, THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C, DIRECTLY ADDRESSES TIER 2 SCIENCE QUESTION 3.2 REGARDING PROCESSES CONTRIBUTING TO CHANGES IN DISTURBANCE REGIMES. FOCUS ON THE ECOSYSTEM CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LOSS CONTRIBUTE TO OTHER QUESTIONS, INCLUDING THE DIRECT CONTRIBUTION OF EMISSIONS TO LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE, Q 3.6, AND HOW LOSSES MAY INDIRECTLY ALTER PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS OVER C CYCLING, Q 3.6, PERMAFROST STATE, Q 3.3, SOIL DRAINAGE, Q 3.4, AND VEGETATION COMPOSITION, Q 3.5.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AT71A  
Thursday, August 31, 2017
($297.25)
1400: Department of the Interior
140G13: FLAGSTAFF SCIENCE CENTER(00006)

B: PURCHASE ORDER
ELECTRON MICROPROBE ACCESS OTHER FUNCTION: "IGF::OT::IGF"
W066: LEASE OR RENTAL OF EQUIPMENT- INSTRUMENTS AND LABORATORY EQUIPMENT

  ING15PX00896  
Wednesday, August 16, 2017
$522,865.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF OPTION PERIOD 3 FUNDING
AN93: R&D- MEDICAL: OTHER (ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT)

  HDTRA114C0022  
Wednesday, August 16, 2017
$298,213.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

B: IDC
IGF::CL,CT::IGF THE PURPOSE OF THIS MODIFICATION IS TO EXERCISE THE OPTION PERIOD 2 UNDER CONTRACT LINE ITEM NUMBER (CLIN) 2001.
AZ11: R&D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC15CB0068     HHSQDC-14-R-B0009  
Friday, August 4, 2017
$45,548.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS WITHIN THE ABOVE DOMAIN WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE ROLE OF VEGETATION DYNAMICS ACROSS THE ABOVE STUDY DOMAIN, BUILDING UPON OUR EXTENSIVE PRIOR WORK DOCUMENTING CHANGES IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL VEGETATION PRODUCTIVITY OVER THE PAST THREE DECADES USING MODERATE AND COARSE RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA AND RELATED FIELD MEASUREMENTS. WE WILL EXPAND PAST ACTIVITIES WITH THE MOST RECENT SATELLITE DATA SETS AS WELL AS NEWER, HIGHER RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA PRODUCTS AND EXISTING AIRCRAFT LIDAR AND HYPERSPECTRAL DATA (IN ANTICIPATION OF FUTURE AIRCRAFT CAMPAIGNS FOR ABOVE). THESE ANALYSES WILL BE COUPLED WITH EXTENSIVE FIELD MEASUREMENTS AND SPECIES-SPECIFIC MODELING TO CAPTURE AREAS OF DOCUMENTED BOREAL BIOME TREE MORTALITY AND TUNDRA VEGETATION CHANGES ACROSS REGIONAL CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS. OUR INVESTIGATIONS WILL BE IN THE CONTEXT OF EXPLORING MULTIPLE LINES OF EVIDENCE FOR THE PROGRESSION OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT, WHERE TREE PRODUCTIVITY DECREASES AND MORTALITY INCREASES IN THE SOUTHERN BOREAL WHILE SUITABILITY FOR RANGE EXPANSION AND DENSIFICATION OF WOODY VEGETATION (E.G. SHRUBS) INCREASES IN THE NORTHERN BOREAL AND ARCTIC TUNDRA. THE INVESTIGATIVE TEAM HAS WORKED EXTENSIVELY ON THESE TOPICS AND CAN LEVERAGE EXISTING RESOURCES, FOCUSING ON ASPECTS OF BOREAL FOREST DYNAMICS THAT MAKE THEM PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO PRODUCTIVITY DECLINES AND TREE MORTALITY, MAPPING THOSE WITH MULTI-SCALE SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MODELING THESE PROCESSES USING GAP AND FOREST DEMOGRAPHY MODELS WITH A LONG HISTORY OF WELL DEVELOPED CAPABILITIES. WE WILL ALSO CONDUCT MORE DETAILED REGIONAL ANALYSES FOCUSED ON FAUNAL HABITAT CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH VEGETATION COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE CHANGES IN BOTH BIOMES, WITH A FOCUS ON AREAS OF INTERIOR ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA (BOREAL BIOME), AND THE SEWARD PENINSULA AND NORTH SLOPE OF ALASKA AND NORTHWESTERN CANADA (TUNDRA BIOME). THESE REGIONS INCLUDE THE WINTER RANGE OF THE DECLINING WESTERN ARCTIC CARIBOU HERD AS WELL AS THE FORTYMILE CARIBOU HERD HISTORICAL RANGE EXTENDING FROM THE YUKON RIVER NORTH OF FAIRBANKS TO NEAR WHITEHORSE. THUS THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOCUSES ON SOME OF THE LARGEST ISSUES OF CONCERN TO MANAGEMENT AGENCIES IN THE REGION. A SUBSTANTIAL CONTINGENT OF THE TEAM HAS UNIQUE INSIGHTS INTO THESE LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ISSUES, AS WELL AS THE FINE SCALE HETEROGENEITY OF VEGETATION PATTERN AND PROCESS THAT PROVIDES A SOLID BASIS FOR CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION OF MAPS DERIVED FROM SATELLITE IMAGERY, AND THUS THE MEANS TO SCALE FROM FIELD SITE TO LANDSCAPES. OTHER MEMBERS OF OUR INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM HAVE CONSIDERABLE COMPLEMENTARY EXPERTISE IN REMOTE SENSING AND IN SITU VEGETATION MENSURATION FOR MAPPING AND MONITORING VEGETATION DYNAMICS, FOREST DEMOGRAPHY PROCESS MODELING, AND OTHER RELEVANT EXPERIENCE IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL LANDSCAPES. PI GOETZ IS ALSO APPLYING TO BE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD. OUR PROPOSED ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE TIER 2 SCIENCE OBJECTIVE FOR ABOVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS, SPECIFICALLY Q5 DETERMINE THE CAUSES OF GREENING AND BROWNING TRENDS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON ECOSYSTEM FORM AND FUNCTION. IT ALSO HAS DIRECT RELEVANCE TO Q7 DETERMINE HOW THE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL DYNAMICS IN BOTH FAUNAL ABUNDANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT CO-VARY ACROSS GRADIENTS OF CLIMATE AND DISTURBANCE. THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY WILL ALSO ESTABLISH A FIRM BASIS FOR ADDRESSING THE OVERARCHING ABOVE PHASE 2 OBJECTIVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, SPECIFICALLY Q4 ANALYZE HOW CHANGES TO NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES WILL IMPACT LOCAL COMMUNITIES AS WELL AS INFLUENCE LAND MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES AND Q6 DETERMINE THE DEGREE TO WHICH CHANGING ENVIRONMENT AND ALTERED HUMAN ACTIVITIES RESULT IN SYNERGISTIC OR ANTAGONISTIC CHANGES IN ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. FINALLY, THE ACTIVITY WILL ADDRESS SEVERAL OF THE ABOVE SCIENCE QUESTIONS, PARTICULARLY 3.1 HOW ARE ENVIRONMENT
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AU02A  
Friday, August 4, 2017
$163,375.00
9700: Department of Defense
W912HQ: W4LD USA HECSA

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF SERDP PROJECT RC-2754 - IDENTIFYING INDICATORS OF STATE CHANGE IN ALASKAN BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS: TESTING PREVIOUS HYPOTHESES AND CONCLUSIONS WITH LONG-TERM DATA
AH91: R&D- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  W912HQ17C0049  
Tuesday, August 1, 2017
$40,327.00
7500: Department of Health and Human Services
75H701: DIV OF ENGINEERING SVCS - SEATTLE

C: DELIVERY ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF SOLID WASTE COURSE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION
U008: EDUCATION/TRAINING- TRAINING/CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT

  HHSI10230002T     HHSI102201700007I     17102SOL00003  
Wednesday, July 26, 2017
$182,074.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
ARCTIC BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD AND RESEARCH PROJECT ON MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC AND BOREAL BIOME SHIFT. ABOVE IS A NASA TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO ADDRESS LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ABOVE SCIENCE OBJECTIVES ARE BROADLY FOCUSED ON 1, GAINING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ARCTIC AND BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, AND 2, PROVIDING THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INFORMED DECISION MAKING TO GUIDE SOCIETAL RESPONSES AT LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL LEVELS. ABOVE RESEARCH LINKS FIELD BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AIRBORNE AND SATELLITE SENSORS, PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING THE ANALYSIS, AND MODELING CAPABILITIES NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND AND PREDICT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES AND SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AE44G  
Thursday, July 13, 2017
$39,906.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE MODIF ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES FOCUS OF NASAS ARCTIC-BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE FIELD CAMPAIGN. ABOVE IS A 10-YR LARGE-SCALE STUDY OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC AND BOREAL REGION ABR OF ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ANTICIPATED KEY OUTCOMES OF ABOVE ARE A GREATER SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ABR NATURAL AND HUMAN SYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AS WELL AS AN IMPROVED SCIENTIFIC BASIS TO INFORM SOCIETAL RESPONSE. ADDRESSING THE ABOVE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES REQUIRES AN INTERDISCIPLINARY SUITE OF MODELING AND SCALING CAPABILITIES FOR STUDYING THE KEY INDICATORS: DISTURBANCE, FLORA/FAUNA AND RELATED ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, CARBON POOLS AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, PERMAFROST PROPERTIES, AND HYDROLOGY. THE SPECIFIC GOALS OF MODIF ARE TO 1 INTERCOMPARE A SUITE OF MODELS TO IDENTIFY CRITICAL DATA GAPS FOR INFORMING AND PRIORITIZING ABOVE REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATA COLLECTION. 2 DEVELOP AND EMPLOY A FLEXIBLE BUT CONSISTENT DATA INTEGRATION, SIMULATION, AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR ABOVE MODELING RESEARCH; AND 3 BUILD THE FOUNDATIONAL CAPACITY OF INVESTIGATORS, DATASETS, MODELING TOOLS, AND BENCHMARKING TARGETS FOR ADDRESSING SUBSEQUENT ABOVE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES AND OTHER SCALING RESEARCH.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AV77A  
Tuesday, July 11, 2017
($895,732.00)
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
DE-OBLIGATE $8.94 AND CLOSE THE AWARD.
B504: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- CHEMICAL/BIOLOGICAL

  HSHQDC10C00135  
Monday, July 10, 2017
$35,337.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF OPTION PERIOD 3
AN93: R&D- MEDICAL: OTHER (ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT)

  HDTRA114C0022  
Friday, July 7, 2017
$11,255.40
1400: Department of the Interior
140G03: OFFICE OF ACQUISITON GRANTS

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF; STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS
B529: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SCIENTIFIC DATA

  ING17PX00999  
Wednesday, June 28, 2017
$4,648.00
1400: Department of the Interior
140G03: OFFICE OF ACQUISITON GRANTS

B: PURCHASE ORDER
STABLE ISOTOPE LAB ANALYSIS IGF::OT::IGF
B532: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SOIL

  ING17PX00948  
Saturday, June 24, 2017
($2,042.46)
1200: Department of Agriculture
1294TZ: USDA FOREST SERVICE

B: PURCHASE ORDER
COCONINO SEEDLINGS NAU IGF::OT::IGF
F010: NATURAL RESOURCES/CONSERVATION- SEEDLING PRODUCTION/TRANSPLANTING

  AG94TZP140001     AG-94TZ-S-14-0003  
Friday, June 23, 2017
$392,103.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::CL,CT::IGF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE, CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE DIVISION FOR PURPOSES OF DEVELOPING A SINGLE UNIFIED INFORMATICS AND STATISTICS PIPELINE TO (A) TAXONOMICALLY CHARACTERIZE COMPLEX MIXTURES OF EUKARYOTIC (PLANTS, FUNGI, ANIMAL), BACTERIAL, AND VIRAL ORGANISMS, DOWN TO SPECIES LEVEL, PROVIDING ROBUST AND ACCURATE STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE SCORES FOR EACH CANDIDATE.
AZ11: R&D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC17CB0008     HSHQDC14RB0009OBAA14003CA  
Wednesday, June 21, 2017
$0.00
7500: Department of Health and Human Services
75H701: DIV OF ENGINEERING SVCS - SEATTLE

B: IDC
IGF::OT::IGF SOLID WASTE COURSE DEVELOPMENT&TRAINING
U008: EDUCATION/TRAINING- TRAINING/CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT

  HHSI102201700007I     17102SOL00003  
Monday, June 19, 2017
$277,814.00
9700: Department of Defense
W912HQ: W4LD USA HECSA

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF INCREMENTAL FUNDING
AH91: R&D- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  W912HQ13C0018  
Thursday, June 15, 2017
$3,139.08
1200: Department of Agriculture
1282FT: USDA FOREST SERVICE

B: PURCHASE ORDER
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY (NAU) MONTHLY ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES INVOICE PAYMENTS WHICH INCLUDE FEES FOR ADMIN SUPPORT, DEIONIZED WATER, FIRE SAFETY SYSTEM MONITORING (FLAGSTAFF LAB AND GREENHOUSE), AND HVAC MAINTENANCE. OCT 2017-SEP 2018. IGF::CL::IGF
R699: SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: OTHER

  AG82FTP170043  
Wednesday, May 31, 2017
$0.00
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
DHS BULK CLOSE OUT
B504: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- CHEMICAL/BIOLOGICAL

  HSHQDC09C00116  
Monday, May 22, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
WE PROPOSE TO COMBINE (1) IN-HOUSE AND NEW OPTICAL AND NEAR INFRARED SPECTRA OF ICY DWARF PLANETS TAKEN WITH THE MMT, IRTF, AND KECK TELESCOPES, (2) SPECTRA OF LABORATORY ICES, AND (3) A RADIATION TRANSFER (HAPKE) MODEL TO MEASURE THE CH4, N2, D/H, AND O2 ICE ABUNDANCES FOR THESE OBJECTS. WE NOTE THAT N2 FOR ICY DWARF PLANETS IS DIFFICULT TO DIRECTLY DETECT AND QUANTIFY BECAUSE N2 IS SUCH A WEAK ABSORBER; HOWEVER, OUR INDIRECT TECHNIQUE IS EASILY ABLE TO QUANTIFY THE N2 ABUNDANCE FOR ICY DWARF PLANETS. OUR WORK WILL HELP IDENTIFY THE IMPORTANT PRIMORDIAL AND EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES ACTING ON ICY DWARF PLANETS AS WELL AS ENHANCE THE SCIENTIFIC RETURN OF THE NEW HORIZONS SPACECRAFT FLYBY OF PLUTO. THE WORK PROPOSED HERE INCLUDES THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF TELESCOPE DATA. THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF LABORATORY DATA IS SUPPORTED BY A GRANT FROM THE NASA OUTER PLANETS RESEARCH PROGRAM.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX13AG42G  
Friday, May 5, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
LAND-ATMOSPHERE CARBON EXCHANGE TO LARGER REGIONS, AND ARE EXPECTED TO SERVE AS A PREDICTIVE TOOL FOR UNDERSTANDING CARBON-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CHANGE. THE NORTH AMERICAN CARBON PROGRAM MULTI-SCALE SYNTHESIS AND TERRESTRIAL MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT (MSTMIP) PHASE I IS A FORMAL TBM INTERCOMPARISON AND EVALUATION EFFORT FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE DIAGNOSIS, ATTRIBUTION AND PREDICTION OF CARBON EXCHANGE AT REGIONAL AND GLOBAL SCALES. THE SIMULATIONS PERFORMED THROUGH MSTMIP PHASE I REPRESENT AN UNPRECEDENTED TESTBED FOR TBM MODEL INTERCOMPARISON, AND ARE PROVIDING A CRITICAL OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPLORING SIMULATIONS OF CARBON EXCHANGE ACROSS A LARGE MODEL COHORT. THE MSTMIP EXPERIENCE HAS ALSO REVEALED TWO LARGE NEEDS THAT GO FAR BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THE PHASE I PROJECT. FIRST, PHASE I FOCUSED ON AN INTERCOMPARISON OF CARBON FLUXES AND THE LINKING OF THESE PREDICTIONS TO MODEL STRUCTURE. BEYOND THESE DATA, HOWEVER, THE MSTMIP SIMULATIONS HAVE PROVIDED A WEALTH OF PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND ABOUT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE EXTREMES OVER THE 110-YEAR SIMULATIONS. THESE PROVIDE KEY LINKS TO UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMICS THAT HAVE CONTROLLED CARBON EXCHANGE OVER THE LAST CENTURY. SECOND, PHASE I FOCUSED ON THE HISTORIC PERIOD IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MODEL OUTPUT THAT COULD BE EVALUATED NOT ONLY AGAINST OTHER MODELS, BUT ALSO AGAINST AVAILABLE OBSERVATIONS. THE NEXT LOGICAL STEP IS TO EVALUATE HOW CRITICAL MODEL DIFFERENCES DICTATE DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE CARBON DYNAMICS. HERE WE PROPOSE TO TACKLE THESE TWO QUESTIONS BY SUPPORTING THE ANALYSIS OF MSTMIP PHASE I SIMULATIONS USING NEW TYPES OF INFORMATION (I.E. STATE OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, RESPONSE TO EXTREMES), AND PERFORMING A SERIES OF FORECASTING SIMULATIONS THAT USE CLIMATE AND EMISSION SCENARIOS DEFINED BY THE IPCC AND CMIP5. CRITICALLY, PHASE II OF MSTMIP WILL CONTINUE TO BE A GRASS-ROOTS, COMMUNITY-BASED EFFORT, FOCUSING ON ENABLING BROAD PARTICIPATION BOTH FOR MODEL SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS. AS ONE EXAMPLE OF MSTMIP'S COMMUNITY FOCUS, ALL OF THE COLLABORATORS LISTED ON THIS PROPOSAL ARE LEADS OF MODEL TEAMS THAT HAVE SUBMITTED RESULTS TO MSTMIP PHASE I. THE TWO DRIVING SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS WILL BE ADDRESSED THROUGH FOUR MAIN ACTIVITIES: (1) DIAGNOSIS OF THE DRIVERS OF INTER-MODEL VARIABILITY, WITH A FOCUS ON EVALUATING HOW MODELS REPRODUCE THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (SOIL AND SNOW STATES), AS WELL AS HOW MODELS RESPOND TO CLIMATIC EXTREMES; (2) EVALUATION OF THE RESPONSE OF TBMS TO FUTURE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, WITH AN AIM TO ASSESS THE SENSITIVITY OF MODELS AND TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES TO FUTURE CLIMATE; AND CONTINUING TO SUPPORT AND PROMOTE COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT THROUGH (3) THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SEAMLESS DATA MANAGEMENT AND DISSEMINATION AND (4) ENGAGEMENT WITH THE MODELING COMMUNITY THROUGH ANNUAL MSTMIP COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS. OVERALL THE ACTIVITIES PROPOSED HERE WILL INVOLVE A COMMUNITY OF MODELERS AND INVEST IN A CONTINUED AND EXPANDED INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF STATE-OF-THE-ART TBMS. THE ANALYSES PROPOSED SPAN SPATIAL SCALES (SITE TO GLOBAL) AND TEMPORAL DOMAINS (HISTORIC TO FUTURE); ADDRESS KEY CHALLENGES TO THE TBM COMMUNITY; AND WILL SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY RESPONDS TO THE CALL FOR CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE SYNTHESIS RESEARCH (THEME 6) AND THE NEED TO EXTEND AND COMPLETE NACP SYNTHESIS RESEARCH. THE ANALYSES AND SIMULATIONS PROPOSED WILL ADDRESS THE GOALS OF NASA BY IMPROVING THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AND THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON STORAGE TO DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL FORCING FACTORS, AS WELL AS THE DOE BY ADVANCING THE PREDICTIVE UNDERSTANDING OF EARTH'S CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF PROCESS-BASED MODELS.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AI54G  
Thursday, May 4, 2017
$62,953.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE KUIPER BELT POPULATION HAS AN OUTER EDGE AT ABOUT 50 AU. SEDNA AND OUR RECENT DISCOVERY, 2012 VP113, ARE THE ONLY KNOWN OBJECTS WITH PERIHELION SIGNIFICANTLY BEYOND THIS EDGE AT ABOUT 80 AU. THESE INNER OORT CLOUD OBJECTS OBTAINED THEIR ORBITS WHEN THE SOLAR SYSTEM WAS VASTLY DIFFERENT FROM NOW. THERE ARE SEVERAL THEORIES AS TO THE ORIGIN OF THESE OBJECTS THAT CAN ONLY BE TESTED BY FINDING MORE INNER OORT CLOUD OBJECTS. THIS POPULATION IS LIKELY LARGER THAN THE KUIPER BELT, WHICH WOULD MAKE IT THE LARGEST SMALL BODY RESERVOIR IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, BUT PREVIOUS SURVEYS DID NOT GO FAINT ENOUGH, DID NOT HAVE THE REQUIRED LONG CADENCE, OR COVERED TOO SMALL OF SKY AREA TO FIND THEM. THE DYNAMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF OBJECTS IN THIS REGION OFFER KEY CONSTRAINTS ON THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. SEVERAL THEORIES ON THE INNER OORT CLOUD FORMATION HAVE BEEN PUT FORTH AND ALL ARE TESTABLE BY DISCOVERING MORE OBJECTS. THESE THEORIES RANGE FROM THE INNER OORT CLOUD OBJECTS FORMING FROM A ROGUE OR UNSEEN PLANET, SCATTERING FROM STELLAR ENCOUNTERS IN THE SUNS BIRTH CLUSTER OR EVEN CAPTURE OF EXTRA-SOLAR PLANETS. UNDERSTANDING THE FORMATION MECHANISM FOR THESE OBJECTS HAS STRONG IMPLICATIONS ON THE SUN'S FORMATION ENVIRONMENT AND OUR SOLAR SYSTEMS EVOLUTION. WE PROPOSE TO SUBSTANTIALLY EXPAND THE KNOWN INNER OORT CLOUD POPULATION WITH A SURVEY SPECIFICALLY TARGETED FOR THE EXTREMELY DISTANT OBJECTS.
AR21: R&D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AK35G  
Tuesday, April 11, 2017
$55,398.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
WE PROPOSE HERE TO CARRY OUT RAPID RESPONSE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF HUNDREDS OF NEOS EACH YEAR. THIS TECHNIQUE IS POWERFUL AND FAST. WE HAVE WRITTEN AUTOMATED SOFTWARE THAT ALLOWS US TO OBSERVE NEOS VERY SOON AFTER DISCOVERY. WE HAVE EXCELLENT TELESCOPE ACCESS THAT ALLOWS US TO MAKE OBSERVATIONS MOST NIGHTS OF THE YEAR IN ROBOTIC/QUEUE MODE. OUR TARGETS ARE NEOS THAT ARE GENERALLY TOO FAINT FOR OTHER CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES. OUR PILOT DATA IN-HAND DEMONSTRATES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THIS APPROACH. THE RESULT WILL BE A MEASUREMENT OF THE TAXONOMIC DISTRIBUTION OF 750 SMALL (<500 METERS) NEOS, MANY OF WHICH WILL BE SMALLER THAN 100 METERS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AE90G  
Tuesday, April 11, 2017
$61,552.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
NEAR EARTH OBJECTS (NEOS) ARE BODIES WHOSE ORBITS BRING THEM CLOSE TO THE EARTH. IN RECENT YEARS, INCREASED ATTENTION HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE DISCOVERY AND ORBITAL MONITORING OF THESE BODIES. THE 2013 IMPACT IN CHELYABINSK, RUSSIA, ALERTED THE PUBLIC AND POLITICIANS TO THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING NEOS SO THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE IMPACT RISK TO SOCIETY. ALL NEO IMPACT MITIGATION STRATEGIES REQUIRE THAT THE SIZE AND MASS OF NEOS ARE KNOWN, YET THESE TWO PROPERTIES ARE ESSENTIALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE WITH TRADITIONAL OPTICAL DISCOVERY AND FOLLOW-UP ASTROMETRIC MEASUREMENTS. THERE ARE ONLY A FEW DIRECT WAYS TO MEASURE NEO DIAMETERS: THROUGH VERY RARE BUT HIGHLY INFORMATIVE SPACECRAFT RENDEZVOUS; THROUGH RADAR MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IS A POWERFUL TECHNIQUE BUT ONE THAT CAN ONLY BE USED FOR NEOS THAT PASS VERY NEAR THE EARTH; AND THROUGH THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS. THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS CAN BE MADE BY SPITZER (WITH SUFFICIENT LEAD TIME, AND IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE); BY NEOWISE, IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE; OR BY GROUND-BASED TELESCOPES, WHICH OFFER FLEXIBLE OBSERVING SCHEDULES AND THEREFORE THE OPPORTUNITY TO OBSERVE NEOS THAT ARE NOT AVAILABLE WITH THE OTHER FACILITIES. WE PROPOSE HERE TO DERIVE DIAMETERS AND ALBEDOS FOR 750 NEOS BY MAKING THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS WITH MIRSI, THE MID- INFRARED SPECTROMETER AND IMAGER, AT NASA'S INFRARED TELESCOPE FACILITY (IRTF) ON MAUNA KEA, HAWAI'I. OUR ANNUAL YIELD WILL BE TWICE THAT OF NEOWISE, AND MOST OF THE TARGETS WE WILL OBSERVE ARE TOO FAINT (AND TOO SMALL) FOR NEOWISE TO DETECT THEM. THESE OBSERVATIONS WILL BE ENABLED BY THE FUNDING OF OUR APPENDED PLANETARY MAJOR EQUIPMENT (PME) PROPOSAL TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS AT IRTF. THE RESULT WILL BE A MEASUREMENT OF THE SIZE-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF SMALL NEOS, WHICH IS PRESENTLY UNKNOWN, AND THE DIAMETERS OF HUNDREDS OF INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS OF INTEREST. WE ALSO WILL DERIVE ALBEDOS FOR THOSE TARGETS, WHICH WILL HELP CONSTRAIN THE COMPOSITION, DENSITY (THROUGH METEORITE EQUIVALENT MATERIAL), AND MASS OF THESE OBJECTS. AT THE MOMENT, MIRSI CANNOT BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE PROJECT. THE UPGRADES PROPOSED IN OUR ATTACHED PME PROPOSAL WILL ALLOW MIRSI TO BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE INVESTIGATION (AND ENABLE MANY OTHER SCIENCE PROJECTS). THE IRTF DIRECTOR HAS AGREED TO SUPPORT OUR UPGRADE WORK. WE APPEND A PME PROPOSAL THAT DESCRIBES IN DETAIL THE WORK THAT WE WILL DO TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS. THE IRTF IS FOCUSED ON SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS; WITHOUT MIRSI, THE SOLAR SYSTEM COMMUNITY IS ESSENTIALLY BLIND IN THE MID-INFRARED. THIS PROJECT IS RELEVANT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS PROGRAM BECAUSE WE PROPOSE GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF NEOS THAT WILL "CHARACTERIZE A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF THESE OBJECTS BY MEASURING THEIR SIZES ...." (AS STATED IN ROSES 2014 APPENDIX C.6).
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AF81G  
Tuesday, April 4, 2017
$40,911.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE SEPARATION BETWEEN ASTEROIDS AND COMETS HAS BECOME LESS CLEAR WITH THE DISCOVERY OF A SMALL GROUP OF ASTEROIDS THAT DISPLAY COMET-LIKE DUST ACTIVITY. SOME OF THESE 'ACTIVE ASTEROIDS' ACTIVATE CLOSE TO THE SUN, RENDERING NEAR-EARTH ASTEROIDS (NEAS) A NATURAL LABORATORY FOR THE STUDY OF THEIR ACTIVITY. TWO DISTINCT NEA SUB-POPULATIONS ARE ESPECIALLY SUSPECTED OF BEING POTENTIALLY ACTIVE FOR DIFFERENT REASONS: DORMANT COMETS AND NEAR-SUN ASTEROIDS. DORMANT COMETS ARE COMETARY NUCLEI THAT HAVE DEPLETED THEIR NEAR-SURFACE ICE RESERVOIRS AND DO NOT SHOW ACTIVITY IN THE FORM OF A COMA OR A TAIL. NEAR-SUN ASTEROIDS ARE NEAS WITH EXTREMELY LOW PERIHELION DISTANCES. WHILE ACTIVITY IN DORMANT COMETS IS LIKELY TO OCCUR AS A RESULT OF THE SUBLIMATION OF REMNANT SUB-SURFACE VOLATILES, NEAR-SUN ASTEROIDS MIGHT ALSO DISPLAY ACTIVITY DUE TO THERMAL FRACTURE. ACTIVITY HAS BEEN OBSERVED IN CONSTITUENTS OF BOTH NEA SUB-POPULATIONS, SUGGESTING THAT MORE OF THEIR MEMBERS MIGHT SHOW ACTIVITY. THE STUDY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BOTH ENSEMBLES PROVIDES UNIQUE INSIGHTS INTO THE MECHANISMS THAT DRIVE THEIR ACTIVITY, AND PROVIDE IMPORTANT CONSTRAINTS ON ASTEROID PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, AS WELL AS SOLAR SYSTEM FORMATION AND EVOLUTION MODELS. WE PROPOSE A COMPREHENSIVE STUDY THAT AIMS TO CHARACTERIZE AND MONITOR DORMANT COMETS AND NEAR-SUN ASTEROIDS. USING GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS, WE WILL PUT CONSTRAINTS ON THEIR COMPOSITIONS AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, AND SEARCH FOR ACTIVITY IN THEM. BY SUPPLEMENTING OUR DATA WITH PAN-STARRS PHOTOMETRY WE WILL IMPROVE OUR RESULTS. THE FEASIBILITY OF OUR APPROACH HAS BEEN PROVEN IN A PILOT STUDY IN 2015. WE IDENTIFY DORMANT COMETS BASED ON THEIR ORBITS AND COLORS AND MONITOR THEM OVER THE COURSE OF THIS PROJECT IN SEARCH FOR ACTIVITY. OUR OBSERVATIONS WILL RESULT IN A BETTER CHARACTERIZATION OF THE FRACTION OF DORMANT COMETS IN THE NEA POPULATION, AND THEIR VOLATILE CONTENT. FURTHERMORE, OUR RESULTS WILL TEST COMET FORMATION MODELS. NEAR-SUN ASTEROIDS WILL BE TAXONOMICALLY CHARACTERIZED AND MONITORED IN SEARCH FOR ACTIVITY. OUR OBSERVATIONS WILL PROVIDE CONSTRAINTS ON THE MATERIAL PROPERTIES OF DIFFERENT ASTEROID TAXONOMIC TYPES. FOR ALL OF OUR TARGETS, ACCURATE ABSOLUTE MAGNITUDES, LIGHTCURVE AMPLITUDES, CONSTRAINTS ON THEIR TAXONOMY, AND ASTROMETRY WILL BE REPORTED, ALL OF WHICH HAVE SIGNIFICANT LEGACY VALUE. OUR GOALS CAN ONLY BE MET WITH A COMPREHENSIVE AND SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATIONAL PROGRAM AS IS PRESENTED HERE. THIS PROGRAM IS IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE ROSES-2016 SSO/NEOO SUBELEMENT, SINCE WE WILL CHARACTERIZE A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF NEOS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AG88G  
Thursday, March 23, 2017
($1,912.00)
1200: Department of Agriculture
128156: FOREST SERVICE - GC DISPATCH CTR

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF 2000 ASPEN SEEDLINGS
8730: SEEDS AND NURSERY STOCK

  AG8156P150015  
Friday, March 3, 2017
$263,151.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
ARCTIC BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD AND RESEARCH PROJECT ON MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC AND BOREAL BIOME SHIFT. ABOVE IS A NASA TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO ADDRESS LARGE SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ABOVE SCIENCE OBJECTIVES ARE BROADLY FOCUSED ON 1, GAINING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ARCTIC AND BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, AND 2, PROVIDING THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INFORMED DECISION MAKING TO GUIDE SOCIETAL RESPONSES AT LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL LEVELS. ABOVE RESEARCH LINKS FIELD BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AIRBORNE AND SATELLITE SENSORS, PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING THE ANALYSIS, AND MODELING CAPABILITIES NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND AND PREDICT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES AND SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AE44G  
Thursday, February 2, 2017
$10.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
ARCTIC BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT (ABOVE) SCIENCE TEAM LEAD&RESEARCH PROJECT ON MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC&BOREAL BIOME SHIFT. ABOVE IS A NASA TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO ADDRESS LARGE&#8208;SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL&#8208;ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ABOVE'S SCIENCE OBJECTIVES ARE BROADLY FOCUSED ON (1) GAINING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ARCTIC AND BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, AND (2) PROVIDING THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INFORMED DECISION&#8208;MAKING TO GUIDE SOCIETAL RESPONSES AT LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL LEVELS. ABOVE RESEARCH LINKS FIELD&#8208;BASED, PROCESS&#8208;LEVEL STUDIES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AIRBORNE AND SATELLITE SENSORS, PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING THE ANALYSIS, AND MODELING CAPABILITIES NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND AND PREDICT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES AND SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AE44G  
Wednesday, February 1, 2017
$181,419.50
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
INCREMENTAL FUNDING IGF::OT::IGF
AR91: R&amp;D- SPACE: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HDTRA112C0066  
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
$350,000.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF OPTION PERIOD 3
AN93: R&amp;D- MEDICAL: OTHER (ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT)

  HDTRA114C0022  
Tuesday, January 31, 2017
$1,223.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
ARCTIC BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT (ABOVE) SCIENCE TEAM LEAD&RESEARCH PROJECT ON MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC&BOREAL BIOME SHIFT. ABOVE IS A NASA TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH EFFORT DESIGNED TO ADDRESS LARGE&#8208;SCALE ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SOCIAL&#8208;ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ABOVE'S SCIENCE OBJECTIVES ARE BROADLY FOCUSED ON (1) GAINING A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ARCTIC AND BOREAL ECOSYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, AND (2) PROVIDING THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INFORMED DECISION&#8208;MAKING TO GUIDE SOCIETAL RESPONSES AT LOCAL TO INTERNATIONAL LEVELS. ABOVE RESEARCH LINKS FIELD&#8208;BASED, PROCESS&#8208;LEVEL STUDIES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM AIRBORNE AND SATELLITE SENSORS, PROVIDING A FOUNDATION FOR IMPROVING THE ANALYSIS, AND MODELING CAPABILITIES NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND AND PREDICT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES AND SOCIETAL IMPLICATIONS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX17AE44G  
Monday, January 23, 2017
$0.00
1200: Department of Agriculture
1294TZ: USDA FOREST SERVICE

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF 2000 ASPEN SEEDLINGS
8730: SEEDS AND NURSERY STOCK

  AG8156P150015  
Thursday, January 19, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE SPITZER SPACE TELESCOPE HAS IMAGED SOME 5% OF THE SKY, MUCH OF THIS AT WAVELENGTHS BETWEEN 3 AND 24 MICRONS. ALMOST ALL OF THIS DATA IS NOW PUBLICLY AVAILABLE. ASTEROIDS APPEAR SERENDIPITOUSLY IN THE VAST MAJORITY OF SPITZER IMAGES. THERMAL INFRARED DATA IS THE ONLY WAY TO DERIVE TRUE DIAMETERS FOR ASTEROIDS, INCLUDING NEAR EARTH OBJECTS (NEOS). WE PROPOSE TO HARVEST SERENDIPITOUSLY OBSERVED NEOS FROM PUBLICLY AVAILABLE SPITZER DATA. WE HAVE AN EXISTING PIPELINE THAT CAN BE USED WITH ONLY MINOR MODIFICATIONS FOR THIS PROJECT. FOR EACH OBSERVED NEO WE WILL DERIVE DIAMETER, A CRITICAL PARAMETER IN EVALUATING THE IMPACT HAZARD OF NEOS. WE WILL ALSO DERIVE ALBEDO, WHICH, OUR WORK HAS SHOWN, IS AN EXCELLENT PROXY FOR TAXONOMIC TYPE AND HENCE COMPOSITION. WE WILL DETERMINE THE SIZES AND ALBEDOS OF 150-300 NEOS THROUGH THIS PROJECT. THE RETURN ON THIS PROJECT WILL BE EQUIVALENT TO A VERY LARGE SPITZER TARGETED OBSERVING PROGRAM OR TO THE NEO OUTPUT OF THE WISE MISSION AT A FRACTION OF THE COST.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AG07G  
Tuesday, January 3, 2017
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY OF NUCLEOBASE OLIGOMERS. THE PREBIOTIC SYNTHESIS OF RNA AND DNA HAS BEEN A LONGSTANDING PROBLEM IN ORIGIN OF LIFE STUDIES. AS A CONSEQUENCE, SIMPLIFIED ALTERNATIVES TO RNA AND DNA PRODUCED UNDER PLAUSIBLY PREBIOTIC CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN PROPOSED, WHICH WOULD HAVE SERVED AS A BRIDGE TO THE RNA AND DNA WORLD. WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE CHEMISTRY OF VARIOUS NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES UNDER CONDITIONS THAT BEGIN TO APPROACH THE CHEMICAL COMPLEXITY EXPECTED FOR THE PREBIOTIC ENVIRONMENT. THE RESULTS OF OUR WORK WILL IDENTIFY ROBUST REACTIONS INVOLVING NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES AND COMPLEX MIXTURES AND EVALUATE WHETHER THE REACTIONS FOUND COULD BE A PLAUSIBLE STEP TOWARDS AN ALTERNATIVE NUCLEIC ACID POLYMER.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AH93A  
Wednesday, November 16, 2016
($3,092.66)
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
IMPACT CRATERS IN ARABIA TERRA DISPLAY A VARIETY OF FEATURES SUGGESTING ICE-RICH MATERIAL IN BOTH THE SUBSTRATE AND IN SURFICIAL DEPOSITS. THESE FEATURES INCLUDE "SOFTENED TERRAIN", POSSIBLE NESTED CRATERS, A LARGE NUMBER OF INVERTED IMPACT CRATERS, THICK FLOOR DEPOSITS SHOWING EVIDENCE OF FLOW, CENTRAL PIT CRATERS, FLOOR CHAOTIC TERRAIN SUGGESTIVE OF SUBSURFACE ICE REMOVAL, AND CRATERS WITH A WIDE RANGE OF DEGRADATIONAL FEATURES. THIS PROJECT WILL MAP AND CLASSIFY THESE FEATURES IN THE ARABIA TERRA REGION NORTH OF THE EQUATOR. THE PROJECT WILL UTILIZE EXISTING DATA FROM MGS, ODYSSEY, MARS EXPRESS, AND MRO TO INVESTIGATE THE OPTICAL, THERMOPHYSICAL, TOPOGRAPHIC, AND MINERALOGIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE FEATURES. WE WILL LOOK FOR EVIDENCE OF DIFFERENT EPISODES OF FORMATION AND FOR REGIONAL VARIATIONS WHICH COULD INDICATE DIFFERENCES IN THE SUBSURFACE DISTRIBUTION OF VOLATILES AND DEPOSITION OF SURFICIAL ICE-RICH DEPOSITS BOTH SPATIALLY AND TEMPORALLY. THIS WORK WILL BETTER DEFINE THE ROLE OF VOLATILES, BOTH SUBSURFACE AND SURFICIAL, IN THE EVOLUTION OF ARABIA TERRA AND ADDRESSES NASA'S OVERARCHING THEME OF "FOLLOW THE WATER" IN MARS EXPLORATION.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX10AN82G  
Wednesday, November 9, 2016
$181,419.50
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
OPTION PERIOD 4 INCREMENTAL FUNDING IGF::OT::IGF
AR91: R&amp;D- SPACE: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HDTRA112C0066  
Tuesday, October 25, 2016
$51,814.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
LAND-ATMOSPHERE CARBON EXCHANGE TO LARGER REGIONS, AND ARE EXPECTED TO SERVE AS A PREDICTIVE TOOL FOR UNDERSTANDING CARBON-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CHANGE. THE NORTH AMERICAN CARBON PROGRAM MULTI-SCALE SYNTHESIS AND TERRESTRIAL MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT (MSTMIP) PHASE I IS A FORMAL TBM INTERCOMPARISON AND EVALUATION EFFORT FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE DIAGNOSIS, ATTRIBUTION AND PREDICTION OF CARBON EXCHANGE AT REGIONAL AND GLOBAL SCALES. THE SIMULATIONS PERFORMED THROUGH MSTMIP PHASE I REPRESENT AN UNPRECEDENTED TESTBED FOR TBM MODEL INTERCOMPARISON, AND ARE PROVIDING A CRITICAL OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPLORING SIMULATIONS OF CARBON EXCHANGE ACROSS A LARGE MODEL COHORT. THE MSTMIP EXPERIENCE HAS ALSO REVEALED TWO LARGE NEEDS THAT GO FAR BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THE PHASE I PROJECT. FIRST, PHASE I FOCUSED ON AN INTERCOMPARISON OF CARBON FLUXES AND THE LINKING OF THESE PREDICTIONS TO MODEL STRUCTURE. BEYOND THESE DATA, HOWEVER, THE MSTMIP SIMULATIONS HAVE PROVIDED A WEALTH OF PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND ABOUT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE EXTREMES OVER THE 110-YEAR SIMULATIONS. THESE PROVIDE KEY LINKS TO UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMICS THAT HAVE CONTROLLED CARBON EXCHANGE OVER THE LAST CENTURY. SECOND, PHASE I FOCUSED ON THE HISTORIC PERIOD IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MODEL OUTPUT THAT COULD BE EVALUATED NOT ONLY AGAINST OTHER MODELS, BUT ALSO AGAINST AVAILABLE OBSERVATIONS. THE NEXT LOGICAL STEP IS TO EVALUATE HOW CRITICAL MODEL DIFFERENCES DICTATE DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE CARBON DYNAMICS. HERE WE PROPOSE TO TACKLE THESE TWO QUESTIONS BY SUPPORTING THE ANALYSIS OF MSTMIP PHASE I SIMULATIONS USING NEW TYPES OF INFORMATION (I.E. STATE OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, RESPONSE TO EXTREMES), AND PERFORMING A SERIES OF FORECASTING SIMULATIONS THAT USE CLIMATE AND EMISSION SCENARIOS DEFINED BY THE IPCC AND CMIP5. CRITICALLY, PHASE II OF MSTMIP WILL CONTINUE TO BE A GRASS-ROOTS, COMMUNITY-BASED EFFORT, FOCUSING ON ENABLING BROAD PARTICIPATION BOTH FOR MODEL SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS. AS ONE EXAMPLE OF MSTMIP'S COMMUNITY FOCUS, ALL OF THE COLLABORATORS LISTED ON THIS PROPOSAL ARE LEADS OF MODEL TEAMS THAT HAVE SUBMITTED RESULTS TO MSTMIP PHASE I. THE TWO DRIVING SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS WILL BE ADDRESSED THROUGH FOUR MAIN ACTIVITIES: (1) DIAGNOSIS OF THE DRIVERS OF INTER-MODEL VARIABILITY, WITH A FOCUS ON EVALUATING HOW MODELS REPRODUCE THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (SOIL AND SNOW STATES), AS WELL AS HOW MODELS RESPOND TO CLIMATIC EXTREMES; (2) EVALUATION OF THE RESPONSE OF TBMS TO FUTURE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, WITH AN AIM TO ASSESS THE SENSITIVITY OF MODELS AND TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES TO FUTURE CLIMATE; AND CONTINUING TO SUPPORT AND PROMOTE COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT THROUGH (3) THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SEAMLESS DATA MANAGEMENT AND DISSEMINATION AND (4) ENGAGEMENT WITH THE MODELING COMMUNITY THROUGH ANNUAL MSTMIP COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS. OVERALL THE ACTIVITIES PROPOSED HERE WILL INVOLVE A COMMUNITY OF MODELERS AND INVEST IN A CONTINUED AND EXPANDED INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF STATE-OF-THE-ART TBMS. THE ANALYSES PROPOSED SPAN SPATIAL SCALES (SITE TO GLOBAL) AND TEMPORAL DOMAINS (HISTORIC TO FUTURE); ADDRESS KEY CHALLENGES TO THE TBM COMMUNITY; AND WILL SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY RESPONDS TO THE CALL FOR CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE SYNTHESIS RESEARCH (THEME 6) AND THE NEED TO EXTEND AND COMPLETE NACP SYNTHESIS RESEARCH. THE ANALYSES AND SIMULATIONS PROPOSED WILL ADDRESS THE GOALS OF NASA BY IMPROVING THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AND THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON STORAGE TO DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL FORCING FACTORS, AS WELL AS THE DOE BY ADVANCING THE PREDICTIVE UNDERSTANDING OF EARTH'S CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF PROCESS-BASED MODELS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AI54G  
Tuesday, September 20, 2016
$3,139.08
1200: Department of Agriculture
1282FT: USDA FOREST SERVICE

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::CL::IGF NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY (NAU) MONTHLY ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES INVOICE PAYMENTS WHICH INCLUDE FEES FOR ADMIN SUPPORT, DEIONIZED WATER, FIRE SAFETY SYSTEM MONITORING (FLAGSTAFF LAB AND GREENHOUSE), AND HVAC MAINTENANCE. OCT 2016-SEP 2017.
R499: SUPPORT- PROFESSIONAL: OTHER

  AG82FTP160139  
Friday, September 16, 2016
$0.00
1400: Department of the Interior
140G03: OFFICE OF ACQUISITON GRANTS

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF, STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS, 0040215276; MOD0001, 0040304285
B509: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- ENDANGERED SPECIES: PLANT/ANIMAL

  ING15PX01613     G15PS00781  
Wednesday, September 14, 2016
$824,809.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE PLANETARY LEARNING THAT ADVANCES THE NEXUS OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND SCIENCE PLANETS PROJECT IS AN INNOVATIVE COLLABORATIVE PARTNERSHIP TO DEVELOP THREE OUT OF SCHOOL TIME OST MODULES THAT INTEGRATE PLANETARY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING. THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY THE USGS ASTROGEOLOGY SCIENCE CENTER THE MUSEUM OF SCIENCE BOSTON AND OST NETWORKS WILL PROVIDE STUDENTS AND EDUCATORS WITH CURRENT RELEVANT AND ENGAGING PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT DELIVERED THROUGH OST SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES. PLANETS AIMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS AND USE OF NASA RESOURCES BY HIGHLIGHTING THE SYNERGISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INVOLVED IN PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSIONS. WE WILL MEET THIS GOAL THROUGH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES. 1 MODEL AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN PLANETARY SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS OST CURRICULUM DEVELOPERS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PD EXPERTS AND OST NETWORKS MERGING COMBINED EXPERTISE IN A SYNERGISTIC SUSTAINABLE AND PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP. 2 DEVELOP NATIONALLY AVAILABLE CURRICULAR UNITS AND NOVEL ANCILLARY MATERIALS FOR OST CONTEXTS BY INTEGRATING NEW AND EXISTING PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE SMD ASSETS PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT AND ENGINEERING PROCESSES AND HABITS OF MIND TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH STUDENTS PRINCIPALLY THOSE UNDERREPRESENTED IN STEM FIELDS. 3 CREATE PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED FOR SELF DIRECTED LEARNING THAT ENABLE OST EDUCATORS TO EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENT PROGRAM MATERIALS TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH EDUCATORS. 4 WIDELY DISSEMINATE CURRICULAR AND PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED TO INCREASE ACCESS TO AND USE OF PLANETARY SMD ASSETS WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO REACHING UNDERREPRESENTED POPULATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE REGARDING TEACHING AND LEARNING PRACTICES IN OST ACTIVITIES GAINED AS A RESULT OF THE PROJECT. THE NASA PLANETARY SCIENCE DIVISION PSD ASKS FIVE FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE QUESTIONS IN PURSUIT OF ITS STRATEGIC GOAL TO ADVANCE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THE POTENTIAL FOR LIFE ELSEWHERE AND THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES PRESENT AS HUMANS EXPLORE SPACE. 1 HOW DID THE SUN S FAMILY OF PLANETS AND MINOR BODIES ORIGINATE? 2 HOW DID THE SOLAR SYSTEM EVOLVE TO ITS CURRENT DIVERSE STATE? 3 WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THAT LED TO THE ORIGIN OF LIFE? 4 HOW DID LIFE BEGIN AND EVOLVE ON EARTH AND HAS IT EVOLVED ELSEWHERE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM? 5 WHAT ARE THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL AFFECT THE EXTENSION OF HUMAN PRESENCE IN SPACE? THESE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS OCCUR AT THE INTERSECTION OF MANY SCIENCES AND ARE ANSWERED THROUGH THE JUNCTURE OF ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES. EXPERTISE IN THESE DISCIPLINES REQUIRES A STRONG MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND. THUS THE PSD QUESTIONS LOGICALLY FEED INTO STEM EDUCATION. WE WILL DEVELOP OST CURRICULA BASED ON THESE QUESTIONS ALIGNED WITH NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS AND GROUNDED IN STEM TEACHING AND LEARNING BEST PRACTICES. DRAWING UPON STRENGTHS AND EXPERTISE IN PLANETARY SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND LEARNING DESIGN THE PLANETS COLLABORATION WILL RESULT IN THE CREATION OF MATERIALS THAT MAKE PLANETARY SMD CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ENGINEERING AVAILABLE TO OST EDUCATORS AND ULTIMATELY LEARNERS OF ALL BACKGROUNDS. AS LEARNERS ENGAGE WITH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CHALLENGES THAT HELP THEM BETTER UNDERSTAND THE STEPS PLANETARY SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS TAKE AS THEY SOLVE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS RELATED TO SPACE EXPLORATION THEY LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR INCREASED US STEM LITERACY.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX16AC53A  
Wednesday, August 31, 2016
$350,000.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

B: IDC
IGF::CL,CT::IGF THE PURPOSE OF THIS MODIFICATION IS TO EXERCISE THE OPTION PERIOD 1 UNDER CONTRACT LINE ITEM NUMBER (CLIN) 1001.
AZ11: R&amp;D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC15CB0068     HHSQDC-14-R-B0009  
Wednesday, August 24, 2016
$0.00
1400: Department of the Interior
140G13: FLAGSTAFF SCIENCE CENTER(00006)

B: PURCHASE ORDER
ELECTRON MICROPROBE ACCESS OTHER FUNCTION: "IGF::OT::IGF"
W066: LEASE OR RENTAL OF EQUIPMENT- INSTRUMENTS AND LABORATORY EQUIPMENT

  ING15PX00896  
Wednesday, August 10, 2016
$464,931.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF OPTION PERIOD 2
AN93: R&amp;D- MEDICAL: OTHER (ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT)

  HDTRA114C0022  
Tuesday, August 2, 2016
$5,000.00
1400: Department of the Interior
140G03: OFFICE OF ACQUISITON GRANTS

B: PURCHASE ORDER
SPONSORSHIP FOR BIOCRUST 3 CONFERENCE IGF::OT::IGF
U005: EDUCATION/TRAINING- TUITION/REGISTRATION/MEMBERSHIP FEES

  ING16PX01213  
Wednesday, July 27, 2016
$7,037.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
OPTION PERIOD 4 - CORRECT FUNDED AMOUNT IGF::OT::IGF
AR91: R&amp;D- SPACE: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HDTRA112C0066  
Thursday, July 21, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
IEOS, INNER EARTH OBJECTS OR INTERIOR EARTH OBJECTS ARE A NEAR EARTH SMALL BODY POPULATION THAT REPRESENTS A POTENTIAL HAZARD TO EARTH. THEIR STUDY IS COMPLICATED BY THE FACT THAT THE POPULATION SPENDS ALL OF ITS TIME INSIDE THE ORBIT OF THE EARTH, GIVING GROUND BASED TELESCOPES ONLY A SMALL WINDOW TO OBSERVE THEM. WE INTRODUCE STEREO (SOLAR TERRESTRIAL RELATIONS OBSERVATORY) AND ITS 5 YEARS OF ARCHIVAL DATA AS OUR BEST CHANCE OF STUDYING THE IEO POPULATION AND DISCOVERING POSSIBLE IMPACTOR THREATS TO EARTH. WE EXPECT TO FIND 10-100 IEOS IN THE STEREO DATASET. STEREO IS SENSITIVE TO IEOS THAT ARE NOT VISIBLE FROM THE EARTH AND HENCE SAMPLES A PART OF THE IEO POPULATION THAT IS ESSENTIALLY UNCHARACTERIZED.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AR54G  
Tuesday, July 12, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS WITHIN THE ABOVE DOMAIN WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE ROLE OF VEGETATION DYNAMICS ACROSS THE ABOVE STUDY DOMAIN, BUILDING UPON OUR EXTENSIVE PRIOR WORK DOCUMENTING CHANGES IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL VEGETATION PRODUCTIVITY OVER THE PAST THREE DECADES USING MODERATE AND COARSE RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA AND RELATED FIELD MEASUREMENTS. WE WILL EXPAND PAST ACTIVITIES WITH THE MOST RECENT SATELLITE DATA SETS AS WELL AS NEWER, HIGHER RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA PRODUCTS AND EXISTING AIRCRAFT LIDAR AND HYPERSPECTRAL DATA (IN ANTICIPATION OF FUTURE AIRCRAFT CAMPAIGNS FOR ABOVE). THESE ANALYSES WILL BE COUPLED WITH EXTENSIVE FIELD MEASUREMENTS AND SPECIES-SPECIFIC MODELING TO CAPTURE AREAS OF DOCUMENTED BOREAL BIOME TREE MORTALITY AND TUNDRA VEGETATION CHANGES ACROSS REGIONAL CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS. OUR INVESTIGATIONS WILL BE IN THE CONTEXT OF EXPLORING MULTIPLE LINES OF EVIDENCE FOR THE PROGRESSION OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT, WHERE TREE PRODUCTIVITY DECREASES AND MORTALITY INCREASES IN THE SOUTHERN BOREAL WHILE SUITABILITY FOR RANGE EXPANSION AND DENSIFICATION OF WOODY VEGETATION (E.G. SHRUBS) INCREASES IN THE NORTHERN BOREAL AND ARCTIC TUNDRA. THE INVESTIGATIVE TEAM HAS WORKED EXTENSIVELY ON THESE TOPICS AND CAN LEVERAGE EXISTING RESOURCES, FOCUSING ON ASPECTS OF BOREAL FOREST DYNAMICS THAT MAKE THEM PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO PRODUCTIVITY DECLINES AND TREE MORTALITY, MAPPING THOSE WITH MULTI-SCALE SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MODELING THESE PROCESSES USING GAP AND FOREST DEMOGRAPHY MODELS WITH A LONG HISTORY OF WELL DEVELOPED CAPABILITIES. WE WILL ALSO CONDUCT MORE DETAILED REGIONAL ANALYSES FOCUSED ON FAUNAL HABITAT CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH VEGETATION COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE CHANGES IN BOTH BIOMES, WITH A FOCUS ON AREAS OF INTERIOR ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA (BOREAL BIOME), AND THE SEWARD PENINSULA AND NORTH SLOPE OF ALASKA AND NORTHWESTERN CANADA (TUNDRA BIOME). THESE REGIONS INCLUDE THE WINTER RANGE OF THE DECLINING WESTERN ARCTIC CARIBOU HERD AS WELL AS THE FORTYMILE CARIBOU HERD HISTORICAL RANGE EXTENDING FROM THE YUKON RIVER NORTH OF FAIRBANKS TO NEAR WHITEHORSE. THUS THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOCUSES ON SOME OF THE LARGEST ISSUES OF CONCERN TO MANAGEMENT AGENCIES IN THE REGION. A SUBSTANTIAL CONTINGENT OF THE TEAM HAS UNIQUE INSIGHTS INTO THESE LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ISSUES, AS WELL AS THE FINE SCALE HETEROGENEITY OF VEGETATION PATTERN AND PROCESS THAT PROVIDES A SOLID BASIS FOR CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION OF MAPS DERIVED FROM SATELLITE IMAGERY, AND THUS THE MEANS TO SCALE FROM FIELD SITE TO LANDSCAPES. OTHER MEMBERS OF OUR INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM HAVE CONSIDERABLE COMPLEMENTARY EXPERTISE IN REMOTE SENSING AND IN SITU VEGETATION MENSURATION FOR MAPPING AND MONITORING VEGETATION DYNAMICS, FOREST DEMOGRAPHY PROCESS MODELING, AND OTHER RELEVANT EXPERIENCE IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL LANDSCAPES. PI GOETZ IS ALSO APPLYING TO BE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD. OUR PROPOSED ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE TIER 2 SCIENCE OBJECTIVE FOR ABOVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS, SPECIFICALLY Q5 DETERMINE THE CAUSES OF GREENING AND BROWNING TRENDS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON ECOSYSTEM FORM AND FUNCTION. IT ALSO HAS DIRECT RELEVANCE TO Q7 DETERMINE HOW THE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL DYNAMICS IN BOTH FAUNAL ABUNDANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT CO-VARY ACROSS GRADIENTS OF CLIMATE AND DISTURBANCE. THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY WILL ALSO ESTABLISH A FIRM BASIS FOR ADDRESSING THE OVERARCHING ABOVE PHASE 2 OBJECTIVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, SPECIFICALLY Q4 ANALYZE HOW CHANGES TO NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES WILL IMPACT LOCAL COMMUNITIES AS WELL AS INFLUENCE LAND MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES AND Q6 DETERMINE THE DEGREE TO WHICH CHANGING ENVIRONMENT AND ALTERED HUMAN ACTIVITIES RESULT IN SYNERGISTIC OR ANTAGONISTIC CHANGES IN ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. FINALLY, THE ACTIVITY WILL ADDRESS SEVERAL OF THE ABOVE SCIENCE QUESTIONS, PARTICULARLY 3.1 HOW ARE ENVIRONMENT
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AU02A  
Tuesday, July 12, 2016
$371,683.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF ADD AND EXERCISE OPTION PERIOD IV
AR91: R&amp;D- SPACE: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HDTRA112C0066  
Friday, July 8, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE MODIF ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES FOCUS OF NASAS ARCTIC-BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE FIELD CAMPAIGN. ABOVE IS A 10-YR LARGE-SCALE STUDY OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC AND BOREAL REGION ABR OF ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ANTICIPATED KEY OUTCOMES OF ABOVE ARE A GREATER SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ABR NATURAL AND HUMAN SYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AS WELL AS AN IMPROVED SCIENTIFIC BASIS TO INFORM SOCIETAL RESPONSE. ADDRESSING THE ABOVE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES REQUIRES AN INTERDISCIPLINARY SUITE OF MODELING AND SCALING CAPABILITIES FOR STUDYING THE KEY INDICATORS: DISTURBANCE, FLORA/FAUNA AND RELATED ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, CARBON POOLS AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, PERMAFROST PROPERTIES, AND HYDROLOGY. THE SPECIFIC GOALS OF MODIF ARE TO 1 INTERCOMPARE A SUITE OF MODELS TO IDENTIFY CRITICAL DATA GAPS FOR INFORMING AND PRIORITIZING ABOVE REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATA COLLECTION. 2 DEVELOP AND EMPLOY A FLEXIBLE BUT CONSISTENT DATA INTEGRATION, SIMULATION, AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR ABOVE MODELING RESEARCH; AND 3 BUILD THE FOUNDATIONAL CAPACITY OF INVESTIGATORS, DATASETS, MODELING TOOLS, AND BENCHMARKING TARGETS FOR ADDRESSING SUBSEQUENT ABOVE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES AND OTHER SCALING RESEARCH.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AV77A  
Wednesday, June 29, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
DEPTH OF BURNING OF THE SOIL ORGANIC LAYER, SOL, AND RESULTANT CARBON, C, EMISSIONS FROM WILDFIRE IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF NET ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE SOL SEQUESTERS THE MAJORITY OF ECOSYSTEM C IN LAYERS THAT CAN BE HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD. DEEPER BURNING COULD RAPIDLY SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS A C CYCLE THRESHOLD, FROM NET ACCUMULATION OF C FROM THE ATMOSPHERE OVER MULTIPLE FIRE CYCLES, TO NET LOSS. YET DEEPER BURNING MUST RELEASE C THAT ESCAPED ONE OR MORE PREVIOUS FIRES WHICH WE TERM LEGACY C TO SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS INTO THE DOMAIN OF ACCELERATING FEEDBACK BETWEEN WARMING CLIMATE AND FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE WIDELY USED AND SCALABLE SOL CONSUMPTION METRICS WITH RADIOCARBON TECHNIQUES FOR AGING SOIL C TO ADDRESS THE FIRST KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND REGIONAL CONTROLS OVER THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C IN FOREST AND TUNDRA REGIONS OF THE ABOVE DOMAIN COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C INDICATES THAT A LARGER PROPORTION OF THE SOL WAS COMBUSTED IN THE CURRENT FIRE THAN IN THE PREVIOUS FIRE, PROVIDING HISTORIC CONTEXT FOR THE CURRENT FIRES SEVERITY. NEW FIRES THAT ARE GREATER IN SEVERITY THAN PAST FIRES ARE EXPECTED TO BE TO PUSH ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS THRESHOLDS IN PERMAFROST AND PLANT COMPOSITION, RENDERING C CYCLING VULNERABLE TO STATE CHANGE AFTER FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF LEGACY C LOSS WITH OBSERVATIONS OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO ADDRESS OUR SECOND KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF LEGACY C LOSS FOR POST FIRE PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION DYNAMICS? PROPOSED RESEARCH FOR THE FIELD CAMPAIGN WILL ADDRESS THESE KEY QUESTIONS BY LINKING FIELD-BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES OF LEGACY C COMBUSTION AND POST FIRE RESPONSES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS IN TWO REGIONS, MOIST ACIDIC TUNDRA NEAR TREELINE ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF THE ALASKA RANGE, ALASKA, AND BOREAL CONIFER FOREST IN THE TAIGA PLAINS AND SHIELD ECOREGIONS OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. THESE REGIONS PROVIDE STARK CONTRAST IN VEGETATION STRUCTURE, YET BOTH OCCUR ON WARM PERMAFROST SOILS THAT COULD BE VULNERABLE TO RAPID CHANGE FOLLOWING FIRE. RECENT EXTREME FIRE ACTIVITY IN BOTH REGIONS PROVIDES NATURAL GRADIENTS IN DEPTH OF BURNING ACROSS MULTIPLE, SPATIALLY INDEPENDENT BURN SCARS, MAKING THEM IDEAL FOR ADDRESSING THESE QUESTIONS. SPECIFIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES ARE TO: 1. DEVELOP A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND FIRE CHARACTERISTICS THAT CONTROL LEGACY C LOSS FROM TUNDRA AND BOREAL FOREST WILDFIRES IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN; 2. EXAMINE THE GENERALITY OF THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING BY SYNTHESIZING RESULTS WITH COMBUSTION AND RADIOCARBON DATA COLLECTED IN OTHER REGIONS; 3. ESTIMATE THE MAGNITUDE OF LEGACY C LOSS ACROSS LANDSCAPES WITHIN FIRE SCARS BY LINKING THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS; 4. DETERMINE ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY, FOCUSING ON ECOSYSTEM VULNERABILITY TO STATE CHANGE IN PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION; AND 5. PROJECT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY ACROSS FIRE SCARS AND IDENTIFY THE ECOSYSTEMS, LANDSCAPE POSITIONS, AND REGIONS AT THE GREATEST RISK OF STATE CHANGE UNDER AN INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH FITS WITHIN THE OVERARCHING FOCUS OF THE FIELD CAMPAIGN BECAUSE IT FOCUSES ON THE IMPACTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE AIM TO DEFINE A NOVEL DIMENSION OF FIRE DISTURBANCE, THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C, DIRECTLY ADDRESSES TIER 2 SCIENCE QUESTION 3.2 REGARDING PROCESSES CONTRIBUTING TO CHANGES IN DISTURBANCE REGIMES. FOCUS ON THE ECOSYSTEM CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LOSS CONTRIBUTE TO OTHER QUESTIONS, INCLUDING THE DIRECT CONTRIBUTION OF EMISSIONS TO LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE, Q 3.6, AND HOW LOSSES MAY INDIRECTLY ALTER PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS OVER C CYCLING, Q 3.6, PERMAFROST STATE, Q 3.3, SOIL DRAINAGE, Q 3.4, AND VEGETATION COMPOSITION, Q 3.5.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AT71A  
Wednesday, June 15, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY ADDRESSES NASA S TERRESTRIAL ECOLOGY PROGRAM STATED GOAL OF IMPROVING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF ECOSYSTEMS IN THE CYCLING OF MAJOR BIOGEOCHEMICAL ELEMENTS BETWEEN THE LAND AND THE ATMOSPHERE. WE PROPOSE TO QUANTIFY THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON CYCLING TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY USING EDDY-COVARIANCE BASED OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTELY SENSED INDICES, AND USE THESE SENSITIVITIES TO DERIVE A COMPREHENSIVE SET OF BENCHMARKS FOR IMPROVING LAND-SURFACE AND TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODELS. THIS PROJECT WILL ALSO SCALE THE CALCULATED SENSITIVITIES TO GENERATE GLOBAL MAPS OF CARBON FLUX ANOMALIES FROM 1900-2100 LINKED TO SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. AS A RESULT, THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS NASA S PROGRAM EMPHASIS ON 1) IMPROVING UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE, 2) QUANTIFYING HOW LARGE AND VARIABLE FLUXES OF CARBON WITHIN THE EARTH SYSTEM ARE, AND 3) QUANTIFYING HOW CARBON CYCLING WILL CHANGE OVER LONGER-TERM TIME SCALES. OUR APPROACH IS DATA-DRIVEN, AND INTEGRATES EDDY-COVARIANCE FLUXNET OBSERVATIONS WITH REMOTELY SENSED AND RETROSPECTIVE DATA TO ATTRIBUTE PAST AND FUTURE TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES ANOMALIES TO KEY ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. SCALING IS ACHIEVED THROUGH MERGING SENSITIVITIES WITH ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVER VARIABILITY (QUANTIFIED USING RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OR IPCC FUTURE SCENARIOS) AND DYNAMIC LAND COVER DATA. THIS WILL BE THE FIRST TIME THAT SENSITIVITY SURFACES, SUCH AS THOSE PROPOSED HERE, HAVE BEEN GENERATED. THE DERIVED SENSITIVITIES EXPRESS THE CHANGE IN CARBON FLUX RELATIVE TO A UNIT CHANGE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVER, AND PROVIDE STRONG OBSERVATIONAL CONSTRAINTS ON MODELED FUNCTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CARBON FLUX AND DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS. TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODELS ARE VALUABLE TOOLS FOR IMPROVING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF BIOPHYSICAL AND BIOGEOCHEMICAL PROCESS, AND THESE MODELS USE, TO DIFFERING EXTENTS, OBSERVED AND REMOTELY SENSED DATA FOR MODEL CALIBRATION AND INITIALIZATION. IN ADDITION TO GENERATING AN INDEPENDENT AND OBSERVATIONALLY-BASED ESTIMATE OF CARBON-CLIMATE SENSITIVITIES, THIS PRODUCT WILL ALSO PROVIDE NEEDED REFERENCE STANDARDS AND VALUABLE BENCHMARKS FOR REFINING TERRESTRIAL CARBON CYCLING MODELS. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT BUILDS UPON PAST CARBON CYCLE RESEARCH TO CREATE A NEW SYNTHESIS, ADVANCE THE RESULTS OF PRIOR RESEARCH, AND ENHANCE MODEL AND DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM UTILITY. THERE ARE FOUR MAIN STEPS IN THIS STUDY: 1) GENERATE DYNAMIC LAND-COVER MAPS FROM 1900-2100; 2) ESTIMATE CARBON FLUX SENSITIVITIES TO CLIMATIC DRIVERS (EVAPORATIVE FRACTION, AIR TEMPERATURE, DOWN WELLING RADIATION, HUMIDITY) FROM IN SITU, SITE-BASED OBSERVATIONS; AS WELL AS REMOTELY SENSED INDICES (ENHANCED VEGETATION INDEX, LEAF AREA INDEX, LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE); 3) BENCHMARK TERRESTRIAL BIOSPHERIC MODEL OUTPUT USING THE SPATIALLY-SCALED SENSITIVITIES; AND 4) USING RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS AND IPCC SCENARIOS, TRANSLATE THE DERIVED SENSITIVITIES TO CARBON FLUX ANOMALIES FROM 1900 TO 2100. THROUGH STEPS 1 AND 2 WE WILL GENERATE MAPS OF SPATIALLY VARYING SENSITIVITIES TO ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS THAT CAN BE USED TO EVALUATE HOW WELL MODELS REPLICATE OBSERVED RESPONSES OF THE CARBON CYCLE TO CHANGES IN ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS. FURTHERMORE, THE FLUX ANOMALIES DERIVED FROM THE SENSITIVITIES PROVIDE AN INDEPENDENT AND OBSERVATIONALLY-BASED ESTIMATE OF PAST AND FUTURE VARIABILITY IN THE CARBON CYCLE DUE TO CHANGING CLIMATE. OVERALL THIS PROJECT WILL FOSTER AN IMPROVED UNDERSTANDING OF CLIMATE-INDUCED VARIABILITY OF THE CARBON CYCLE BY INTEGRATING LAND-BASED AND SATELLITE OBSERVATIONS, AND WILL PROVIDE SEVERAL CRITICAL BENCHMARKS NEEDED TO IMPROVE OUR ABILITY TO MODEL AND UNDERSTAND THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AK12G  
Thursday, June 9, 2016
$170,000.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
COMPARISON OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE POOR AND VOLATILE RICH BODIES VIKING AND VOYAGER IMAGERY FIRST REVEALED THE ABUNDANCE OF IMPACT CRATERS WITH INTERIOR PITS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO IN THE LATE 1970S. THE APPARENT LACK OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON THE MOON AND MERCURY LED TO THE THEORY THAT SUBSURFACE VOLATILES WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FORMATION OF THIS CRATER MORPHOLOGY. HOWEVER, RECENT HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY OF MERCURIAN CRATERS FROM MESSENGER AND OF LUNAR CRATERS FROM THE LUNAR RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER LRO REVEAL THAT SOME CRATERS ON THESE BODIES DO DISPLAY CENTRAL PITS. THIS DISCOVERY INDICATES THAT EITHER 1. THE MOON AND MERCURY ARE MORE VOLATILE-RICH THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT, OR 2. THE CENTRAL PIT MORPHOLOGY CAN FORM IN THE ABSENCE OF A VOLATILE RICH CRUST. THE FIRST QUESTION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW THE LUNAR AND MERCURIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS COMPARE IN THEIR MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC PROPERTIES TO THEIR COUNTERPARTS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO. THE SECOND QUESTION TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW OUR UNDERSTANDING OF CENTRAL PIT FORMATION NEEDS TO BE REVISED IF VOLATILES ARE NOT NECESSARY FOR PIT FORMATION. THE PROPOSED INVESTIGATION WILL 1. COMPILE DATABASES OF THE MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ALL CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MERCURY, THE MOON, AND CALLLISTO USING MESSENGER, LRO, AND VOYAGER GALILEO DATA, RESPECTIVELY, 2. CONDUCT A COMPARISON STUDY OF THE CENTRAL PIT CHARACTERISTICS FOR CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH BODIES CALLISTO AND EXISTING DATA ACQUIRED FOR CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MARS AND GANYMEDE FROM PRIOR CURRENT MDAP AND OPR FUNDING, RESPECTIVELY, TO THE PI AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES THE MOON AND MERCURY, 3. USE THE RESULTS FROM STEPS 1 AND 2 TO INVESTIGATE THE GEOGRAPHIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH CENTRAL PIT CRATERS FORM ON THESE FIVE BODIES, AND 4. UTILIZE THE RESULTS FROM THIS STUDY TO DETERMINE WHETHER A SINGLE FORMATION MODEL CAN EXPLAIN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES OR IF MULTIPLE WORKING HYPOTHESES ARE NEEDED. THIS INVESTIGATION WILL PROVIDE THE FIRST COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON STUDY OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS THROUGHOUT THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND PROVIDE INSIGHT INTO WHAT THESE CRATERS ARE TELLING US ABOUT THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THEY FORM.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AN27G  
Tuesday, June 7, 2016
$423,958.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
70RSAT: SCI TECH ACQ DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF THE PURPOSE OF THIS CONTRACT IS TO SEQUENCE MULTIPLE TOXIN TYPES AND SUBTYPES OF GEOGRAPHICALLY DIVERSE STRAINS TO COMPREHENSIVELY UNDERSTAND C. BOTULINUM PHYLOGEOGRAPHY.
AZ11: R&amp;D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC16CB0013     HSHQDC-14-R-B0009  
Monday, May 30, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
WE PROPOSE TO COMBINE (1) IN-HOUSE AND NEW OPTICAL AND NEAR INFRARED SPECTRA OF ICY DWARF PLANETS TAKEN WITH THE MMT, IRTF, AND KECK TELESCOPES, (2) SPECTRA OF LABORATORY ICES, AND (3) A RADIATION TRANSFER (HAPKE) MODEL TO MEASURE THE CH4, N2, D/H, AND O2 ICE ABUNDANCES FOR THESE OBJECTS. WE NOTE THAT N2 FOR ICY DWARF PLANETS IS DIFFICULT TO DIRECTLY DETECT AND QUANTIFY BECAUSE N2 IS SUCH A WEAK ABSORBER; HOWEVER, OUR INDIRECT TECHNIQUE IS EASILY ABLE TO QUANTIFY THE N2 ABUNDANCE FOR ICY DWARF PLANETS. OUR WORK WILL HELP IDENTIFY THE IMPORTANT PRIMORDIAL AND EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES ACTING ON ICY DWARF PLANETS AS WELL AS ENHANCE THE SCIENTIFIC RETURN OF THE NEW HORIZONS SPACECRAFT FLYBY OF PLUTO. THE WORK PROPOSED HERE INCLUDES THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF TELESCOPE DATA. THE COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF LABORATORY DATA IS SUPPORTED BY A GRANT FROM THE NASA OUTER PLANETS RESEARCH PROGRAM.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX13AG42G  
Tuesday, May 24, 2016
$3,139.08
1200: Department of Agriculture
1282FT: USDA FOREST SERVICE

B: PURCHASE ORDER
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY (NAU)MONTHLY ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICES INVOICE PAYMENTS WHICH INCLUDE FEES FOR ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT, DEIONIZED WATER, FIRE SAFETY SYSTEM MONITORING (FLAGSTAFF LAB AND GREENHOUSE), AND HVAC MAINTENANCE. IGF::CL::IGF FOR CLOSELY ASSOCIATED
R699: SUPPORT- ADMINISTRATIVE: OTHER

  AG82FTP160046  
Tuesday, May 24, 2016
$183,778.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
LAND-ATMOSPHERE CARBON EXCHANGE TO LARGER REGIONS, AND ARE EXPECTED TO SERVE AS A PREDICTIVE TOOL FOR UNDERSTANDING CARBON-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CHANGE. THE NORTH AMERICAN CARBON PROGRAM MULTI-SCALE SYNTHESIS AND TERRESTRIAL MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT (MSTMIP) PHASE I IS A FORMAL TBM INTERCOMPARISON AND EVALUATION EFFORT FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE DIAGNOSIS, ATTRIBUTION AND PREDICTION OF CARBON EXCHANGE AT REGIONAL AND GLOBAL SCALES. THE SIMULATIONS PERFORMED THROUGH MSTMIP PHASE I REPRESENT AN UNPRECEDENTED TESTBED FOR TBM MODEL INTERCOMPARISON, AND ARE PROVIDING A CRITICAL OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPLORING SIMULATIONS OF CARBON EXCHANGE ACROSS A LARGE MODEL COHORT. THE MSTMIP EXPERIENCE HAS ALSO REVEALED TWO LARGE NEEDS THAT GO FAR BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THE PHASE I PROJECT. FIRST, PHASE I FOCUSED ON AN INTERCOMPARISON OF CARBON FLUXES AND THE LINKING OF THESE PREDICTIONS TO MODEL STRUCTURE. BEYOND THESE DATA, HOWEVER, THE MSTMIP SIMULATIONS HAVE PROVIDED A WEALTH OF PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND ABOUT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE EXTREMES OVER THE 110-YEAR SIMULATIONS. THESE PROVIDE KEY LINKS TO UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMICS THAT HAVE CONTROLLED CARBON EXCHANGE OVER THE LAST CENTURY. SECOND, PHASE I FOCUSED ON THE HISTORIC PERIOD IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MODEL OUTPUT THAT COULD BE EVALUATED NOT ONLY AGAINST OTHER MODELS, BUT ALSO AGAINST AVAILABLE OBSERVATIONS. THE NEXT LOGICAL STEP IS TO EVALUATE HOW CRITICAL MODEL DIFFERENCES DICTATE DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE CARBON DYNAMICS. HERE WE PROPOSE TO TACKLE THESE TWO QUESTIONS BY SUPPORTING THE ANALYSIS OF MSTMIP PHASE I SIMULATIONS USING NEW TYPES OF INFORMATION (I.E. STATE OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, RESPONSE TO EXTREMES), AND PERFORMING A SERIES OF FORECASTING SIMULATIONS THAT USE CLIMATE AND EMISSION SCENARIOS DEFINED BY THE IPCC AND CMIP5. CRITICALLY, PHASE II OF MSTMIP WILL CONTINUE TO BE A GRASS-ROOTS, COMMUNITY-BASED EFFORT, FOCUSING ON ENABLING BROAD PARTICIPATION BOTH FOR MODEL SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS. AS ONE EXAMPLE OF MSTMIP'S COMMUNITY FOCUS, ALL OF THE COLLABORATORS LISTED ON THIS PROPOSAL ARE LEADS OF MODEL TEAMS THAT HAVE SUBMITTED RESULTS TO MSTMIP PHASE I. THE TWO DRIVING SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS WILL BE ADDRESSED THROUGH FOUR MAIN ACTIVITIES: (1) DIAGNOSIS OF THE DRIVERS OF INTER-MODEL VARIABILITY, WITH A FOCUS ON EVALUATING HOW MODELS REPRODUCE THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (SOIL AND SNOW STATES), AS WELL AS HOW MODELS RESPOND TO CLIMATIC EXTREMES; (2) EVALUATION OF THE RESPONSE OF TBMS TO FUTURE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, WITH AN AIM TO ASSESS THE SENSITIVITY OF MODELS AND TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES TO FUTURE CLIMATE; AND CONTINUING TO SUPPORT AND PROMOTE COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT THROUGH (3) THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SEAMLESS DATA MANAGEMENT AND DISSEMINATION AND (4) ENGAGEMENT WITH THE MODELING COMMUNITY THROUGH ANNUAL MSTMIP COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS. OVERALL THE ACTIVITIES PROPOSED HERE WILL INVOLVE A COMMUNITY OF MODELERS AND INVEST IN A CONTINUED AND EXPANDED INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF STATE-OF-THE-ART TBMS. THE ANALYSES PROPOSED SPAN SPATIAL SCALES (SITE TO GLOBAL) AND TEMPORAL DOMAINS (HISTORIC TO FUTURE); ADDRESS KEY CHALLENGES TO THE TBM COMMUNITY; AND WILL SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY RESPONDS TO THE CALL FOR CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE SYNTHESIS RESEARCH (THEME 6) AND THE NEED TO EXTEND AND COMPLETE NACP SYNTHESIS RESEARCH. THE ANALYSES AND SIMULATIONS PROPOSED WILL ADDRESS THE GOALS OF NASA BY IMPROVING THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AND THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON STORAGE TO DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL FORCING FACTORS, AS WELL AS THE DOE BY ADVANCING THE PREDICTIVE UNDERSTANDING OF EARTH'S CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF PROCESS-BASED MODELS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AI54G  
Tuesday, May 24, 2016
$80,156.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
NEAR EARTH OBJECTS (NEOS) ARE BODIES WHOSE ORBITS BRING THEM CLOSE TO THE EARTH. IN RECENT YEARS, INCREASED ATTENTION HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE DISCOVERY AND ORBITAL MONITORING OF THESE BODIES. THE 2013 IMPACT IN CHELYABINSK, RUSSIA, ALERTED THE PUBLIC AND POLITICIANS TO THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING NEOS SO THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE IMPACT RISK TO SOCIETY. ALL NEO IMPACT MITIGATION STRATEGIES REQUIRE THAT THE SIZE AND MASS OF NEOS ARE KNOWN, YET THESE TWO PROPERTIES ARE ESSENTIALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE WITH TRADITIONAL OPTICAL DISCOVERY AND FOLLOW-UP ASTROMETRIC MEASUREMENTS. THERE ARE ONLY A FEW DIRECT WAYS TO MEASURE NEO DIAMETERS: THROUGH VERY RARE BUT HIGHLY INFORMATIVE SPACECRAFT RENDEZVOUS; THROUGH RADAR MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IS A POWERFUL TECHNIQUE BUT ONE THAT CAN ONLY BE USED FOR NEOS THAT PASS VERY NEAR THE EARTH; AND THROUGH THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS. THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS CAN BE MADE BY SPITZER (WITH SUFFICIENT LEAD TIME, AND IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE); BY NEOWISE, IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE; OR BY GROUND-BASED TELESCOPES, WHICH OFFER FLEXIBLE OBSERVING SCHEDULES AND THEREFORE THE OPPORTUNITY TO OBSERVE NEOS THAT ARE NOT AVAILABLE WITH THE OTHER FACILITIES. WE PROPOSE HERE TO DERIVE DIAMETERS AND ALBEDOS FOR 750 NEOS BY MAKING THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS WITH MIRSI, THE MID- INFRARED SPECTROMETER AND IMAGER, AT NASA'S INFRARED TELESCOPE FACILITY (IRTF) ON MAUNA KEA, HAWAI'I. OUR ANNUAL YIELD WILL BE TWICE THAT OF NEOWISE, AND MOST OF THE TARGETS WE WILL OBSERVE ARE TOO FAINT (AND TOO SMALL) FOR NEOWISE TO DETECT THEM. THESE OBSERVATIONS WILL BE ENABLED BY THE FUNDING OF OUR APPENDED PLANETARY MAJOR EQUIPMENT (PME) PROPOSAL TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS AT IRTF. THE RESULT WILL BE A MEASUREMENT OF THE SIZE-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF SMALL NEOS, WHICH IS PRESENTLY UNKNOWN, AND THE DIAMETERS OF HUNDREDS OF INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS OF INTEREST. WE ALSO WILL DERIVE ALBEDOS FOR THOSE TARGETS, WHICH WILL HELP CONSTRAIN THE COMPOSITION, DENSITY (THROUGH METEORITE EQUIVALENT MATERIAL), AND MASS OF THESE OBJECTS. AT THE MOMENT, MIRSI CANNOT BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE PROJECT. THE UPGRADES PROPOSED IN OUR ATTACHED PME PROPOSAL WILL ALLOW MIRSI TO BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE INVESTIGATION (AND ENABLE MANY OTHER SCIENCE PROJECTS). THE IRTF DIRECTOR HAS AGREED TO SUPPORT OUR UPGRADE WORK. WE APPEND A PME PROPOSAL THAT DESCRIBES IN DETAIL THE WORK THAT WE WILL DO TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS. THE IRTF IS FOCUSED ON SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS; WITHOUT MIRSI, THE SOLAR SYSTEM COMMUNITY IS ESSENTIALLY BLIND IN THE MID-INFRARED. THIS PROJECT IS RELEVANT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS PROGRAM BECAUSE WE PROPOSE GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF NEOS THAT WILL "CHARACTERIZE A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF THESE OBJECTS BY MEASURING THEIR SIZES ...." (AS STATED IN ROSES 2014 APPENDIX C.6).
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AF81G  
Monday, May 16, 2016
$54,086.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
WE PROPOSE HERE TO CARRY OUT RAPID RESPONSE NEAR-INFRARED SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC CHARACTERIZATION OF HUNDREDS OF NEOS EACH YEAR. THIS TECHNIQUE IS POWERFUL AND FAST. WE HAVE WRITTEN AUTOMATED SOFTWARE THAT ALLOWS US TO OBSERVE NEOS VERY SOON AFTER DISCOVERY. WE HAVE EXCELLENT TELESCOPE ACCESS THAT ALLOWS US TO MAKE OBSERVATIONS MOST NIGHTS OF THE YEAR IN ROBOTIC/QUEUE MODE. OUR TARGETS ARE NEOS THAT ARE GENERALLY TOO FAINT FOR OTHER CHARACTERIZATION TECHNIQUES. OUR PILOT DATA IN-HAND DEMONSTRATES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THIS APPROACH. THE RESULT WILL BE A MEASUREMENT OF THE TAXONOMIC DISTRIBUTION OF 750 SMALL (<500 METERS) NEOS, MANY OF WHICH WILL BE SMALLER THAN 100 METERS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AE90G  
Monday, May 9, 2016
($1,798.85)
8900: Department of Energy
892331: NNSA NON-MO CNTRCTNG OPS DIV

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
ADVANCED MONITORING SYSTEM INITIATIVE
AZ12: R&amp;D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (APPLIED RESEARCH/EXPLORATORY DEVELOPMENT)

  DEAC5203NA99201  
Monday, May 9, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
CENTRAL PITS ARE SEEN INSIDE MANY MARTIAN IMPACT CRATERS AND HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED TO BE INDICATORS OF SUBSURFACE VOLATILES. MARTIAN CENTRAL PITS ARE DIVIDED INTO FLOOR PITS (PIT OCCURS DIRECTLY ON CRATER FLOOR) AND SUMMIT PITS (PIT OCCURS ATOP A CENTRAL PEAK). AN INITIAL 3-YEAR MDAP-FUNDED STUDY OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS PRODUCED THE FIRST COMPLETE CATALOG OF THESE FEATURES FOR CRATERS 5-KM-DIAMETER AND LARGER ACROSS THE PLANET. WE HAVE INVESTIGATED THE DIAMETER RANGES OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PIT AND CRATER DIAMETERS, PRESERVATIONAL STATE OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, AND REGIONAL CONCENTRATIONS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. ANALYSIS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATER CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTIONS HAVE LED US TO REJECT ONE PROPOSED FORMATION MODEL (COLLAPSE OF CENTRAL PEAK), BUT THREE MORE FORMATION MODELS STILL REMAIN PLAUSIBLE (EXCAVATION INTO LAYERED TARGETS, VAPORIZATION OF TARGET ICE, AND DRAINAGE OF IMPACT-INDUCED MELT INTO SUBSURFACE FRACTURES). WE PROPOSE A NEW 4-YEAR DETAILED INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHARACTERISTICS AND FORMATION OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. WE WILL PRODUCE GEOLOGIC MAPS OF TWELVE NON-DEGRADED CENTRAL PITS USING THEMIS, CTX, AND HIRISE DATA. WE WILL INCORPORATE CRISM MINERALOGIC DATA TO INFORM THE GEOLOGIC MAPPING EFFORT. WE WILL UTILIZE EXISTING OR PRODUCE NEW HRSC/HIRISE DTMS OF THESE MAPPED CENTRAL PIT CRATERS TO INVESTIGATE THE MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE FEATURES. WE ALSO WILL CONDUCT A MORE DETAILED STUDY OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RIMMED AND NON-RIMMED FLOOR PITS AND HOW THE RIMMED FLOOR PITS COMPARE WITH THE SUMMIT PITS. WE WILL USE THE DTM DATA TOGETHER WITH SHADOW MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES TO OBTAIN PIT DEPTHS AND DETERMINE IF CENTRAL PITS DISPLAY A SPECIFIC DEPTH-DIAMETER RELATIONSHIP. THE GOAL OF THIS STUDY WILL BE TO COMPLETE THE FIRST DETAILED STUDY OF FRESH MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS AND FURTHER CONSTRAIN THE CONDITIONS WHICH FAVOR FORMATION OF THESE FEATURES. THE RESULTS OF THIS MORPHOLOGIC/MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS WILL PROVIDE USEFUL CONSTRAINTS TO RESEARCHERS CONDUCTING NUMERICAL MODELING OF HOW CENTRAL PITS FORM AND WILL ENHANCE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE OF VOLATILES IN THE NEAR-SURFACE REGION OF MARS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AJ31G  
Thursday, April 14, 2016
$49,652.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
80NSSC: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
LAND-ATMOSPHERE CARBON EXCHANGE TO LARGER REGIONS, AND ARE EXPECTED TO SERVE AS A PREDICTIVE TOOL FOR UNDERSTANDING CARBON-CLIMATE INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CHANGE. THE NORTH AMERICAN CARBON PROGRAM MULTI-SCALE SYNTHESIS AND TERRESTRIAL MODEL INTERCOMPARISON PROJECT (MSTMIP) PHASE I IS A FORMAL TBM INTERCOMPARISON AND EVALUATION EFFORT FOCUSED ON IMPROVING THE DIAGNOSIS, ATTRIBUTION AND PREDICTION OF CARBON EXCHANGE AT REGIONAL AND GLOBAL SCALES. THE SIMULATIONS PERFORMED THROUGH MSTMIP PHASE I REPRESENT AN UNPRECEDENTED TESTBED FOR TBM MODEL INTERCOMPARISON, AND ARE PROVIDING A CRITICAL OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPLORING SIMULATIONS OF CARBON EXCHANGE ACROSS A LARGE MODEL COHORT. THE MSTMIP EXPERIENCE HAS ALSO REVEALED TWO LARGE NEEDS THAT GO FAR BEYOND THE SCOPE OF THE PHASE I PROJECT. FIRST, PHASE I FOCUSED ON AN INTERCOMPARISON OF CARBON FLUXES AND THE LINKING OF THESE PREDICTIONS TO MODEL STRUCTURE. BEYOND THESE DATA, HOWEVER, THE MSTMIP SIMULATIONS HAVE PROVIDED A WEALTH OF PREDICTIONS ABOUT THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT AND ABOUT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO CLIMATE EXTREMES OVER THE 110-YEAR SIMULATIONS. THESE PROVIDE KEY LINKS TO UNDERSTANDING THE DYNAMICS THAT HAVE CONTROLLED CARBON EXCHANGE OVER THE LAST CENTURY. SECOND, PHASE I FOCUSED ON THE HISTORIC PERIOD IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MODEL OUTPUT THAT COULD BE EVALUATED NOT ONLY AGAINST OTHER MODELS, BUT ALSO AGAINST AVAILABLE OBSERVATIONS. THE NEXT LOGICAL STEP IS TO EVALUATE HOW CRITICAL MODEL DIFFERENCES DICTATE DIFFERENCES IN PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE CARBON DYNAMICS. HERE WE PROPOSE TO TACKLE THESE TWO QUESTIONS BY SUPPORTING THE ANALYSIS OF MSTMIP PHASE I SIMULATIONS USING NEW TYPES OF INFORMATION (I.E. STATE OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT, RESPONSE TO EXTREMES), AND PERFORMING A SERIES OF FORECASTING SIMULATIONS THAT USE CLIMATE AND EMISSION SCENARIOS DEFINED BY THE IPCC AND CMIP5. CRITICALLY, PHASE II OF MSTMIP WILL CONTINUE TO BE A GRASS-ROOTS, COMMUNITY-BASED EFFORT, FOCUSING ON ENABLING BROAD PARTICIPATION BOTH FOR MODEL SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS. AS ONE EXAMPLE OF MSTMIP'S COMMUNITY FOCUS, ALL OF THE COLLABORATORS LISTED ON THIS PROPOSAL ARE LEADS OF MODEL TEAMS THAT HAVE SUBMITTED RESULTS TO MSTMIP PHASE I. THE TWO DRIVING SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS WILL BE ADDRESSED THROUGH FOUR MAIN ACTIVITIES: (1) DIAGNOSIS OF THE DRIVERS OF INTER-MODEL VARIABILITY, WITH A FOCUS ON EVALUATING HOW MODELS REPRODUCE THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (SOIL AND SNOW STATES), AS WELL AS HOW MODELS RESPOND TO CLIMATIC EXTREMES; (2) EVALUATION OF THE RESPONSE OF TBMS TO FUTURE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS, WITH AN AIM TO ASSESS THE SENSITIVITY OF MODELS AND TERRESTRIAL CARBON FLUXES TO FUTURE CLIMATE; AND CONTINUING TO SUPPORT AND PROMOTE COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT THROUGH (3) THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SEAMLESS DATA MANAGEMENT AND DISSEMINATION AND (4) ENGAGEMENT WITH THE MODELING COMMUNITY THROUGH ANNUAL MSTMIP COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS. OVERALL THE ACTIVITIES PROPOSED HERE WILL INVOLVE A COMMUNITY OF MODELERS AND INVEST IN A CONTINUED AND EXPANDED INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF STATE-OF-THE-ART TBMS. THE ANALYSES PROPOSED SPAN SPATIAL SCALES (SITE TO GLOBAL) AND TEMPORAL DOMAINS (HISTORIC TO FUTURE); ADDRESS KEY CHALLENGES TO THE TBM COMMUNITY; AND WILL SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE. THIS PROPOSED EFFORT DIRECTLY RESPONDS TO THE CALL FOR CARBON CYCLE SCIENCE SYNTHESIS RESEARCH (THEME 6) AND THE NEED TO EXTEND AND COMPLETE NACP SYNTHESIS RESEARCH. THE ANALYSES AND SIMULATIONS PROPOSED WILL ADDRESS THE GOALS OF NASA BY IMPROVING THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AND THE SENSITIVITY OF TERRESTRIAL CARBON STORAGE TO DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL FORCING FACTORS, AS WELL AS THE DOE BY ADVANCING THE PREDICTIVE UNDERSTANDING OF EARTH'S CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SYSTEMS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF PROCESS-BASED MODELS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AI54G  
Friday, March 18, 2016
$195,411.00
9700: Department of Defense
W912HQ: W4LD USA HECSA

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF INCREMENTAL FUNDING - "ROLE OF THE SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITY IN SAGEBRUSH (ARTEMISIA TIDENTATA) AND SQUIRRELTAIL (ELYMUS ELEMOIDES) SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT IN CHEATGRASS-INVADED HABITATS." PROJECT# RC-2327
AH91: R&amp;D- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  W912HQ13C0018  
Thursday, March 3, 2016
($139.33)
1200: Department of Agriculture
046W: NORTHWEST OREGON CONTRACTING AREA

B: PURCHASE ORDER
NAU DEVELOPMENT OF REGEN MODEL DEVELOPMENT FOR REGION 6. IGF::OT::IGF
R499: SUPPORT- PROFESSIONAL: OTHER

  AG046WP140132  
Monday, February 29, 2016
$371,683.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::CT,CL::IGF
AR91: R&amp;D- SPACE: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HDTRA112C0066  
Thursday, February 18, 2016
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
MOLECULAR DYNAMICS STUDY OF NUCLEOBASE OLIGOMERS. THE PREBIOTIC SYNTHESIS OF RNA AND DNA HAS BEEN A LONGSTANDING PROBLEM IN ORIGIN OF LIFE STUDIES. AS A CONSEQUENCE, SIMPLIFIED ALTERNATIVES TO RNA AND DNA PRODUCED UNDER PLAUSIBLY PREBIOTIC CONDITIONS HAVE BEEN PROPOSED, WHICH WOULD HAVE SERVED AS A BRIDGE TO THE RNA AND DNA WORLD. WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE CHEMISTRY OF VARIOUS NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES UNDER CONDITIONS THAT BEGIN TO APPROACH THE CHEMICAL COMPLEXITY EXPECTED FOR THE PREBIOTIC ENVIRONMENT. THE RESULTS OF OUR WORK WILL IDENTIFY ROBUST REACTIONS INVOLVING NITROGEN HETEROCYCLES AND COMPLEX MIXTURES AND EVALUATE WHETHER THE REACTIONS FOUND COULD BE A PLAUSIBLE STEP TOWARDS AN ALTERNATIVE NUCLEIC ACID POLYMER.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AH93A  
Tuesday, February 16, 2016
$0.00
1400: Department of the Interior
00006: FLAGSTAFF SCIENCE CENTER

B: PURCHASE ORDER
ELECTRON MICROPROBE ACCESS OTHER FUNCTION: "IGF::OT::IGF"
W066: LEASE OR RENTAL OF EQUIPMENT- INSTRUMENTS AND LABORATORY EQUIPMENT

  ING15PX00896  
Friday, February 12, 2016
$929,861.00
9700: Department of Defense
HDTRA1: DEFENSE THREAT REDUCTION AGENCY

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF BASE PERIOD
AN93: R&amp;D- MEDICAL: OTHER (ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT)

  HDTRA114C0022  
Thursday, February 11, 2016
$4,663.39
1200: Department of Agriculture
81K1: USDA ARS PWA 81K1

B: PURCHASE ORDER
NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY ENGGEN: GENOME SEQUENCING
6640: LABORATORY EQUIPMENT AND SUPPLIES

  AG32SDP160162  
Wednesday, February 3, 2016
$6,210.00
1400: Department of the Interior
00003: OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND GRANTS - SACRAMENTO

B: PURCHASE ORDER
STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSES IGF::OT::IGF
B532: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SOIL

  ING16PX00330  
Thursday, January 21, 2016
$527,647.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE PLANETARY LEARNING THAT ADVANCES THE NEXUS OF ENGINEERING, TECHNOLOGY, AND SCIENCE PLANETS PROJECT IS AN INNOVATIVE COLLABORATIVE PARTNERSHIP TO DEVELOP THREE OUT OF SCHOOL TIME OST MODULES THAT INTEGRATE PLANETARY SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING. THE CENTER FOR SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING AT NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY THE USGS ASTROGEOLOGY SCIENCE CENTER THE MUSEUM OF SCIENCE BOSTON AND OST NETWORKS WILL PROVIDE STUDENTS AND EDUCATORS WITH CURRENT RELEVANT AND ENGAGING PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT DELIVERED THROUGH OST SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ACTIVITIES. PLANETS AIMS TO INCREASE PUBLIC AWARENESS AND USE OF NASA RESOURCES BY HIGHLIGHTING THE SYNERGISTIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING INVOLVED IN PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSIONS. WE WILL MEET THIS GOAL THROUGH THE FOLLOWING OBJECTIVES. 1 MODEL AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PARTNERSHIP BETWEEN PLANETARY SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS OST CURRICULUM DEVELOPERS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PD EXPERTS AND OST NETWORKS MERGING COMBINED EXPERTISE IN A SYNERGISTIC SUSTAINABLE AND PRODUCTIVE RELATIONSHIP. 2 DEVELOP NATIONALLY AVAILABLE CURRICULAR UNITS AND NOVEL ANCILLARY MATERIALS FOR OST CONTEXTS BY INTEGRATING NEW AND EXISTING PLANETARY SCIENCE MISSION DIRECTORATE SMD ASSETS PLANETARY SCIENCE CONTENT AND ENGINEERING PROCESSES AND HABITS OF MIND TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH STUDENTS PRINCIPALLY THOSE UNDERREPRESENTED IN STEM FIELDS. 3 CREATE PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED FOR SELF DIRECTED LEARNING THAT ENABLE OST EDUCATORS TO EFFECTIVELY IMPLEMENT PROGRAM MATERIALS TO COLLECT EVIDENCE OF THEIR USE WITH EDUCATORS. 4 WIDELY DISSEMINATE CURRICULAR AND PD PRODUCTS DESIGNED TO INCREASE ACCESS TO AND USE OF PLANETARY SMD ASSETS WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO REACHING UNDERREPRESENTED POPULATIONS AND KNOWLEDGE REGARDING TEACHING AND LEARNING PRACTICES IN OST ACTIVITIES GAINED AS A RESULT OF THE PROJECT. THE NASA PLANETARY SCIENCE DIVISION PSD ASKS FIVE FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE QUESTIONS IN PURSUIT OF ITS STRATEGIC GOAL TO ADVANCE SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THE POTENTIAL FOR LIFE ELSEWHERE AND THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES PRESENT AS HUMANS EXPLORE SPACE. 1 HOW DID THE SUNS FAMILY OF PLANETS AND MINOR BODIES ORIGINATE 2 HOW DID THE SOLAR SYSTEM EVOLVE TO ITS CURRENT DIVERSE STATE 3 WHAT ARE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM THAT LED TO THE ORIGIN OF LIFE? 4 HOW DID LIFE BEGIN AND EVOLVE ON EARTH AND HAS IT EVOLVED ELSEWHERE IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM? 5 WHAT ARE THE HAZARDS AND RESOURCES IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL AFFECT THE EXTENSION OF HUMAN PRESENCE IN SPACE? THESE FUNDAMENTAL QUESTIONS OCCUR AT THE INTERSECTION OF MANY SCIENCES AND ARE ANSWERED THROUGH THE JUNCTURE OF ENGINEERING DISCIPLINES. EXPERTISE IN THESE DISCIPLINES REQUIRES A STRONG MATHEMATICAL BACKGROUND. THUS THE PSD QUESTIONS LOGICALLY FEED INTO STEM EDUCATION. WE WILL DEVELOP OST CURRICULA BASED ON THESE QUESTIONS ALIGNED WITH NEXT GENERATION SCIENCE STANDARDS AND GROUNDED IN STEM TEACHING AND LEARNING BEST PRACTICES. DRAWING UPON STRENGTHS AND EXPERTISE IN PLANETARY SCIENCE ENGINEERING AND LEARNING DESIGN THE PLANETS COLLABORATION WILL RESULT IN THE CREATION OF MATERIALS THAT MAKE PLANETARY SMD CONTENT INTEGRATED WITH ENGINEERING AVAILABLE TO OST EDUCATORS AND ULTIMATELY LEARNERS OF ALL BACKGROUNDS. AS LEARNERS ENGAGE WITH SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CHALLENGES THAT HELP THEM BETTER UNDERSTAND THE STEPS PLANETARY SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS TAKE AS THEY SOLVE IMPORTANT PROBLEMS RELATED TO SPACE EXPLORATION THEY LAY THE FOUNDATION FOR INCREASED US STEM LITERACY.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX16AC53A  
Wednesday, December 30, 2015
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
THE SPITZER SPACE TELESCOPE HAS IMAGED SOME 5% OF THE SKY, MUCH OF THIS AT WAVELENGTHS BETWEEN 3 AND 24 MICRONS. ALMOST ALL OF THIS DATA IS NOW PUBLICLY AVAILABLE. ASTEROIDS APPEAR SERENDIPITOUSLY IN THE VAST MAJORITY OF SPITZER IMAGES. THERMAL INFRARED DATA IS THE ONLY WAY TO DERIVE TRUE DIAMETERS FOR ASTEROIDS, INCLUDING NEAR EARTH OBJECTS (NEOS). WE PROPOSE TO HARVEST SERENDIPITOUSLY OBSERVED NEOS FROM PUBLICLY AVAILABLE SPITZER DATA. WE HAVE AN EXISTING PIPELINE THAT CAN BE USED WITH ONLY MINOR MODIFICATIONS FOR THIS PROJECT. FOR EACH OBSERVED NEO WE WILL DERIVE DIAMETER, A CRITICAL PARAMETER IN EVALUATING THE IMPACT HAZARD OF NEOS. WE WILL ALSO DERIVE ALBEDO, WHICH, OUR WORK HAS SHOWN, IS AN EXCELLENT PROXY FOR TAXONOMIC TYPE AND HENCE COMPOSITION. WE WILL DETERMINE THE SIZES AND ALBEDOS OF 150-300 NEOS THROUGH THIS PROJECT. THE RETURN ON THIS PROJECT WILL BE EQUIVALENT TO A VERY LARGE SPITZER TARGETED OBSERVING PROGRAM OR TO THE NEO OUTPUT OF THE WISE MISSION AT A FRACTION OF THE COST.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AG07G  
Thursday, December 17, 2015
$100,000.00
9700: Department of Defense
W912HQ: W4LD USA HECSA

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
IGF::OT::IGF INCREMENTAL FUNDIND - "NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY, PROJECT RC 2327 / ROLE OF THE SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITY IN SAGEBRUSH (ARTEMISIA TIDENTATA) AND SQUIRRELTAIL (ELYMUS ELEMOIDES) SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT IN CHEATGRASS-INVADED HABITATS"
AH91: R&amp;D- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  W912HQ13C0018  
Tuesday, November 24, 2015
$20,000.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
NEAR EARTH OBJECTS (NEOS) ARE BODIES WHOSE ORBITS BRING THEM CLOSE TO THE EARTH. IN RECENT YEARS, INCREASED ATTENTION HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE DISCOVERY AND ORBITAL MONITORING OF THESE BODIES. THE 2013 IMPACT IN CHELYABINSK, RUSSIA, ALERTED THE PUBLIC AND POLITICIANS TO THE IMPORTANCE OF STUDYING NEOS SO THAT WE CAN UNDERSTAND THE IMPACT RISK TO SOCIETY. ALL NEO IMPACT MITIGATION STRATEGIES REQUIRE THAT THE SIZE AND MASS OF NEOS ARE KNOWN, YET THESE TWO PROPERTIES ARE ESSENTIALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DETERMINE WITH TRADITIONAL OPTICAL DISCOVERY AND FOLLOW-UP ASTROMETRIC MEASUREMENTS. THERE ARE ONLY A FEW DIRECT WAYS TO MEASURE NEO DIAMETERS: THROUGH VERY RARE BUT HIGHLY INFORMATIVE SPACECRAFT RENDEZVOUS; THROUGH RADAR MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IS A POWERFUL TECHNIQUE BUT ONE THAT CAN ONLY BE USED FOR NEOS THAT PASS VERY NEAR THE EARTH; AND THROUGH THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS. THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS CAN BE MADE BY SPITZER (WITH SUFFICIENT LEAD TIME, AND IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE); BY NEOWISE, IF THE GEOMETRY IS AMENABLE; OR BY GROUND-BASED TELESCOPES, WHICH OFFER FLEXIBLE OBSERVING SCHEDULES AND THEREFORE THE OPPORTUNITY TO OBSERVE NEOS THAT ARE NOT AVAILABLE WITH THE OTHER FACILITIES. WE PROPOSE HERE TO DERIVE DIAMETERS AND ALBEDOS FOR 750 NEOS BY MAKING THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS WITH MIRSI, THE MID- INFRARED SPECTROMETER AND IMAGER, AT NASA'S INFRARED TELESCOPE FACILITY (IRTF) ON MAUNA KEA, HAWAI'I. OUR ANNUAL YIELD WILL BE TWICE THAT OF NEOWISE, AND MOST OF THE TARGETS WE WILL OBSERVE ARE TOO FAINT (AND TOO SMALL) FOR NEOWISE TO DETECT THEM. THESE OBSERVATIONS WILL BE ENABLED BY THE FUNDING OF OUR APPENDED PLANETARY MAJOR EQUIPMENT (PME) PROPOSAL TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS AT IRTF. THE RESULT WILL BE A MEASUREMENT OF THE SIZE-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION OF SMALL NEOS, WHICH IS PRESENTLY UNKNOWN, AND THE DIAMETERS OF HUNDREDS OF INDIVIDUAL OBJECTS OF INTEREST. WE ALSO WILL DERIVE ALBEDOS FOR THOSE TARGETS, WHICH WILL HELP CONSTRAIN THE COMPOSITION, DENSITY (THROUGH METEORITE EQUIVALENT MATERIAL), AND MASS OF THESE OBJECTS. AT THE MOMENT, MIRSI CANNOT BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE PROJECT. THE UPGRADES PROPOSED IN OUR ATTACHED PME PROPOSAL WILL ALLOW MIRSI TO BE USED FOR THIS SCIENCE INVESTIGATION (AND ENABLE MANY OTHER SCIENCE PROJECTS). THE IRTF DIRECTOR HAS AGREED TO SUPPORT OUR UPGRADE WORK. WE APPEND A PME PROPOSAL THAT DESCRIBES IN DETAIL THE WORK THAT WE WILL DO TO UPGRADE MIRSI AND RETURN IT TO REGULAR OPERATIONS. THE IRTF IS FOCUSED ON SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS; WITHOUT MIRSI, THE SOLAR SYSTEM COMMUNITY IS ESSENTIALLY BLIND IN THE MID-INFRARED. THIS PROJECT IS RELEVANT TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM OBSERVATIONS PROGRAM BECAUSE WE PROPOSE GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS OF NEOS THAT WILL "CHARACTERIZE A REPRESENTATIVE SAMPLE OF THESE OBJECTS BY MEASURING THEIR SIZES ...." (AS STATED IN ROSES 2014 APPENDIX C.6).
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AF81G  
Tuesday, November 24, 2015
$0.00
1300: Department of Commerce
0AMS: ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT SERVICES

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IN ACCORDANCE WITH FAR 4.804, THIS MODIFICATION IS TO CLOSEOUT CONTRACT AB133F-05-SE-6735. ALL ADMINISTRATIVE AND FINANCIAL REQUIREMENTS ARE COMPLETE. THE FINAL INVOICE HAS BEEN PAID. THIS CONTRACT IS CLOSED AND SHALL BE PROCESSED IN ACCORDANCE WITH FAR 4.805.
B599: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- OTHER

  DOCAB133F05SE6735  
Friday, October 30, 2015
$0.00
9700: Department of Defense
W912HQ: W4LD USA HECSA

D: DEFINITIVE CONTRACT
NO COST TIME EXTENSION - RC-1722- NORTHERN ARIZONA UNIVERSITY
AH91: R&amp;D- ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: OTHER (BASIC RESEARCH)

  W912HQ10C0035  
Monday, October 26, 2015
($3,014.72)
1400: Department of the Interior
00004: OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND GRANTS - RESTON

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS FOR LSBS
B529: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SCIENTIFIC DATA

  ING12PX01248     G12PS00590  
Wednesday, October 21, 2015
$298,213.00
7000: Department of Homeland Security
STAD00: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACQUISITION DIVISION

B: IDC
IGF::CL,CT::IGF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE.
AZ11: R&amp;D- OTHER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (BASIC RESEARCH)

  HSHQDC15CB0068     HHSQDC-14-R-B0009  
Friday, October 2, 2015
$0.00
1200: Department of Agriculture
9AD6: PSW RESEARCH STATION

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF QUOTE#CPAL-CPSIL-FY14-015; 540 PRE-WEIGHED/ENCAPSULATED SAMPLES FOR 13C, 15N, %C, %N, AND C/N ANALYSIS VIA EA-IRMS.
B529: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SCIENTIFIC DATA

  AG9AD6P140071  
Thursday, October 1, 2015
$0.00
1200: Department of Agriculture
9AD6: PSW RESEARCH STATION

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF 296 PRE WEIGHED SAMPLES @ 16.25/SAMPLE FOR S34 S AND %S ANALYSIS VIA EA-IRMS
B529: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- SCIENTIFIC DATA

  AG9AD6P130082  
Thursday, September 17, 2015
$20,776.80
1400: Department of the Interior
00003: OFFICE OF ACQUISITION AND GRANTS - SACRAMENTO

B: PURCHASE ORDER
IGF::OT::IGF, STABLE ISOTOPE ANALYSIS, 0040215276
B509: SPECIAL STUDIES/ANALYSIS- ENDANGERED SPECIES: PLANT/ANIMAL

  ING15PX01613     G15PS00781  
Wednesday, September 9, 2015
$37,615.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
THE MODIF ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES FOCUS OF NASAS ARCTIC-BOREAL VULNERABILITY EXPERIMENT ABOVE FIELD CAMPAIGN. ABOVE IS A 10-YR LARGE-SCALE STUDY OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE IN THE ARCTIC AND BOREAL REGION ABR OF ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA. ANTICIPATED KEY OUTCOMES OF ABOVE ARE A GREATER SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE OF ABR NATURAL AND HUMAN SYSTEMS TO ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE AS WELL AS AN IMPROVED SCIENTIFIC BASIS TO INFORM SOCIETAL RESPONSE. ADDRESSING THE ABOVE ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS OBJECTIVES REQUIRES AN INTERDISCIPLINARY SUITE OF MODELING AND SCALING CAPABILITIES FOR STUDYING THE KEY INDICATORS: DISTURBANCE, FLORA/FAUNA AND RELATED ECOSYSTEM STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, CARBON POOLS AND BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, PERMAFROST PROPERTIES, AND HYDROLOGY. THE SPECIFIC GOALS OF MODIF ARE TO 1 INTERCOMPARE A SUITE OF MODELS TO IDENTIFY CRITICAL DATA GAPS FOR INFORMING AND PRIORITIZING ABOVE REMOTE SENSING AND FIELD DATA COLLECTION. 2 DEVELOP AND EMPLOY A FLEXIBLE BUT CONSISTENT DATA INTEGRATION, SIMULATION, AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK FOR ABOVE MODELING RESEARCH; AND 3 BUILD THE FOUNDATIONAL CAPACITY OF INVESTIGATORS, DATASETS, MODELING TOOLS, AND BENCHMARKING TARGETS FOR ADDRESSING SUBSEQUENT ABOVE RESEARCH ACTIVITIES AND OTHER SCALING RESEARCH.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AV77A  
Wednesday, September 9, 2015
$97,000.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
COMPARISON OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE POOR AND VOLATILE RICH BODIES VIKING AND VOYAGER IMAGERY FIRST REVEALED THE ABUNDANCE OF IMPACT CRATERS WITH INTERIOR PITS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO IN THE LATE 1970S. THE APPARENT LACK OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON THE MOON AND MERCURY LED TO THE THEORY THAT SUBSURFACE VOLATILES WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FORMATION OF THIS CRATER MORPHOLOGY. HOWEVER, RECENT HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGERY OF MERCURIAN CRATERS FROM MESSENGER AND OF LUNAR CRATERS FROM THE LUNAR RECONNAISSANCE ORBITER LRO REVEAL THAT SOME CRATERS ON THESE BODIES DO DISPLAY CENTRAL PITS. THIS DISCOVERY INDICATES THAT EITHER 1. THE MOON AND MERCURY ARE MORE VOLATILE-RICH THAN PREVIOUSLY THOUGHT, OR 2. THE CENTRAL PIT MORPHOLOGY CAN FORM IN THE ABSENCE OF A VOLATILE RICH CRUST. THE FIRST QUESTION THAT NEEDS TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW THE LUNAR AND MERCURIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS COMPARE IN THEIR MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC PROPERTIES TO THEIR COUNTERPARTS ON MARS, GANYMEDE, AND CALLISTO. THE SECOND QUESTION TO BE ADDRESSED IS HOW OUR UNDERSTANDING OF CENTRAL PIT FORMATION NEEDS TO BE REVISED IF VOLATILES ARE NOT NECESSARY FOR PIT FORMATION. THE PROPOSED INVESTIGATION WILL 1. COMPILE DATABASES OF THE MORPHOLOGIC AND MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ALL CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MERCURY, THE MOON, AND CALLLISTO USING MESSENGER, LRO, AND VOYAGER GALILEO DATA, RESPECTIVELY, 2. CONDUCT A COMPARISON STUDY OF THE CENTRAL PIT CHARACTERISTICS FOR CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH BODIES CALLISTO AND EXISTING DATA ACQUIRED FOR CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON MARS AND GANYMEDE FROM PRIOR CURRENT MDAP AND OPR FUNDING, RESPECTIVELY, TO THE PI AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES THE MOON AND MERCURY, 3. USE THE RESULTS FROM STEPS 1 AND 2 TO INVESTIGATE THE GEOGRAPHIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH CENTRAL PIT CRATERS FORM ON THESE FIVE BODIES, AND 4. UTILIZE THE RESULTS FROM THIS STUDY TO DETERMINE WHETHER A SINGLE FORMATION MODEL CAN EXPLAIN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS ON VOLATILE RICH AND VOLATILE POOR BODIES OR IF MULTIPLE WORKING HYPOTHESES ARE NEEDED. THIS INVESTIGATION WILL PROVIDE THE FIRST COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON STUDY OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS THROUGHOUT THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND PROVIDE INSIGHT INTO WHAT THESE CRATERS ARE TELLING US ABOUT THE CONDITIONS UNDER WHICH THEY FORM.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX14AN27G  
Wednesday, September 9, 2015
$131,860.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
DEPTH OF BURNING OF THE SOIL ORGANIC LAYER, SOL, AND RESULTANT CARBON, C, EMISSIONS FROM WILDFIRE IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF NET ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE SOL SEQUESTERS THE MAJORITY OF ECOSYSTEM C IN LAYERS THAT CAN BE HUNDREDS TO THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD. DEEPER BURNING COULD RAPIDLY SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS A C CYCLE THRESHOLD, FROM NET ACCUMULATION OF C FROM THE ATMOSPHERE OVER MULTIPLE FIRE CYCLES, TO NET LOSS. YET DEEPER BURNING MUST RELEASE C THAT ESCAPED ONE OR MORE PREVIOUS FIRES WHICH WE TERM LEGACY C TO SHIFT ECOSYSTEMS INTO THE DOMAIN OF ACCELERATING FEEDBACK BETWEEN WARMING CLIMATE AND FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE WIDELY USED AND SCALABLE SOL CONSUMPTION METRICS WITH RADIOCARBON TECHNIQUES FOR AGING SOIL C TO ADDRESS THE FIRST KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND REGIONAL CONTROLS OVER THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C IN FOREST AND TUNDRA REGIONS OF THE ABOVE DOMAIN COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C INDICATES THAT A LARGER PROPORTION OF THE SOL WAS COMBUSTED IN THE CURRENT FIRE THAN IN THE PREVIOUS FIRE, PROVIDING HISTORIC CONTEXT FOR THE CURRENT FIRES SEVERITY. NEW FIRES THAT ARE GREATER IN SEVERITY THAN PAST FIRES ARE EXPECTED TO BE TO PUSH ECOSYSTEMS ACROSS THRESHOLDS IN PERMAFROST AND PLANT COMPOSITION, RENDERING C CYCLING VULNERABLE TO STATE CHANGE AFTER FIRE. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL COMBINE A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF LEGACY C LOSS WITH OBSERVATIONS OF ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO ADDRESS OUR SECOND KEY QUESTION, WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF LEGACY C LOSS FOR POST FIRE PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION DYNAMICS? PROPOSED RESEARCH FOR THE FIELD CAMPAIGN WILL ADDRESS THESE KEY QUESTIONS BY LINKING FIELD-BASED, PROCESS LEVEL STUDIES OF LEGACY C COMBUSTION AND POST FIRE RESPONSES WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS IN TWO REGIONS, MOIST ACIDIC TUNDRA NEAR TREELINE ON THE NORTH SLOPE OF THE ALASKA RANGE, ALASKA, AND BOREAL CONIFER FOREST IN THE TAIGA PLAINS AND SHIELD ECOREGIONS OF NORTHWEST TERRITORIES, CANADA. THESE REGIONS PROVIDE STARK CONTRAST IN VEGETATION STRUCTURE, YET BOTH OCCUR ON WARM PERMAFROST SOILS THAT COULD BE VULNERABLE TO RAPID CHANGE FOLLOWING FIRE. RECENT EXTREME FIRE ACTIVITY IN BOTH REGIONS PROVIDES NATURAL GRADIENTS IN DEPTH OF BURNING ACROSS MULTIPLE, SPATIALLY INDEPENDENT BURN SCARS, MAKING THEM IDEAL FOR ADDRESSING THESE QUESTIONS. SPECIFIC RESEARCH OBJECTIVES ARE TO: 1. DEVELOP A MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE ECOSYSTEM, LANDSCAPE AND FIRE CHARACTERISTICS THAT CONTROL LEGACY C LOSS FROM TUNDRA AND BOREAL FOREST WILDFIRES IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN; 2. EXAMINE THE GENERALITY OF THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING BY SYNTHESIZING RESULTS WITH COMBUSTION AND RADIOCARBON DATA COLLECTED IN OTHER REGIONS; 3. ESTIMATE THE MAGNITUDE OF LEGACY C LOSS ACROSS LANDSCAPES WITHIN FIRE SCARS BY LINKING THE MECHANISTIC UNDERSTANDING WITH GEOSPATIAL DATA PRODUCTS; 4. DETERMINE ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY, FOCUSING ON ECOSYSTEM VULNERABILITY TO STATE CHANGE IN PERMAFROST AND VEGETATION; AND 5. PROJECT ECOSYSTEM RESPONSE TO LEGACY C LOSS AND FIRE SEVERITY ACROSS FIRE SCARS AND IDENTIFY THE ECOSYSTEMS, LANDSCAPE POSITIONS, AND REGIONS AT THE GREATEST RISK OF STATE CHANGE UNDER AN INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH FITS WITHIN THE OVERARCHING FOCUS OF THE FIELD CAMPAIGN BECAUSE IT FOCUSES ON THE IMPACTS OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE,INTENSIFYING FIRE REGIME ON ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION IN THE ABOVE DOMAIN. THE AIM TO DEFINE A NOVEL DIMENSION OF FIRE DISTURBANCE, THE COMBUSTION OF LEGACY C, DIRECTLY ADDRESSES TIER 2 SCIENCE QUESTION 3.2 REGARDING PROCESSES CONTRIBUTING TO CHANGES IN DISTURBANCE REGIMES. FOCUS ON THE ECOSYSTEM CONSEQUENCES OF THIS LOSS CONTRIBUTE TO OTHER QUESTIONS, INCLUDING THE DIRECT CONTRIBUTION OF EMISSIONS TO LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM C BALANCE, Q 3.6, AND HOW LOSSES MAY INDIRECTLY ALTER PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CONTROLS OVER C CYCLING, Q 3.6, PERMAFROST STATE, Q 3.3, SOIL DRAINAGE, Q 3.4, AND VEGETATION COMPOSITION, Q 3.5.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AT71A  
Tuesday, September 1, 2015
$43,187.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

F: COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT
MAPPING AND MODELING ATTRIBUTES OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT: RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS WITHIN THE ABOVE DOMAIN WE PROPOSE TO INVESTIGATE THE ROLE OF VEGETATION DYNAMICS ACROSS THE ABOVE STUDY DOMAIN, BUILDING UPON OUR EXTENSIVE PRIOR WORK DOCUMENTING CHANGES IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL VEGETATION PRODUCTIVITY OVER THE PAST THREE DECADES USING MODERATE AND COARSE RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA AND RELATED FIELD MEASUREMENTS. WE WILL EXPAND PAST ACTIVITIES WITH THE MOST RECENT SATELLITE DATA SETS AS WELL AS NEWER, HIGHER RESOLUTION SATELLITE DATA PRODUCTS AND EXISTING AIRCRAFT LIDAR AND HYPERSPECTRAL DATA (IN ANTICIPATION OF FUTURE AIRCRAFT CAMPAIGNS FOR ABOVE). THESE ANALYSES WILL BE COUPLED WITH EXTENSIVE FIELD MEASUREMENTS AND SPECIES-SPECIFIC MODELING TO CAPTURE AREAS OF DOCUMENTED BOREAL BIOME TREE MORTALITY AND TUNDRA VEGETATION CHANGES ACROSS REGIONAL CLIMATE AND ENVIRONMENTAL GRADIENTS. OUR INVESTIGATIONS WILL BE IN THE CONTEXT OF EXPLORING MULTIPLE LINES OF EVIDENCE FOR THE PROGRESSION OF AN ARCTIC BOREAL BIOME SHIFT, WHERE TREE PRODUCTIVITY DECREASES AND MORTALITY INCREASES IN THE SOUTHERN BOREAL WHILE SUITABILITY FOR RANGE EXPANSION AND DENSIFICATION OF WOODY VEGETATION (E.G. SHRUBS) INCREASES IN THE NORTHERN BOREAL AND ARCTIC TUNDRA. THE INVESTIGATIVE TEAM HAS WORKED EXTENSIVELY ON THESE TOPICS AND CAN LEVERAGE EXISTING RESOURCES, FOCUSING ON ASPECTS OF BOREAL FOREST DYNAMICS THAT MAKE THEM PARTICULARLY VULNERABLE TO PRODUCTIVITY DECLINES AND TREE MORTALITY, MAPPING THOSE WITH MULTI-SCALE SATELLITE IMAGERY AND MODELING THESE PROCESSES USING GAP AND FOREST DEMOGRAPHY MODELS WITH A LONG HISTORY OF WELL DEVELOPED CAPABILITIES. WE WILL ALSO CONDUCT MORE DETAILED REGIONAL ANALYSES FOCUSED ON FAUNAL HABITAT CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH VEGETATION COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE CHANGES IN BOTH BIOMES, WITH A FOCUS ON AREAS OF INTERIOR ALASKA AND WESTERN CANADA (BOREAL BIOME), AND THE SEWARD PENINSULA AND NORTH SLOPE OF ALASKA AND NORTHWESTERN CANADA (TUNDRA BIOME). THESE REGIONS INCLUDE THE WINTER RANGE OF THE DECLINING WESTERN ARCTIC CARIBOU HERD AS WELL AS THE FORTYMILE CARIBOU HERD HISTORICAL RANGE EXTENDING FROM THE YUKON RIVER NORTH OF FAIRBANKS TO NEAR WHITEHORSE. THUS THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOCUSES ON SOME OF THE LARGEST ISSUES OF CONCERN TO MANAGEMENT AGENCIES IN THE REGION. A SUBSTANTIAL CONTINGENT OF THE TEAM HAS UNIQUE INSIGHTS INTO THESE LAND AND WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT ISSUES, AS WELL AS THE FINE SCALE HETEROGENEITY OF VEGETATION PATTERN AND PROCESS THAT PROVIDES A SOLID BASIS FOR CALIBRATION AND VALIDATION OF MAPS DERIVED FROM SATELLITE IMAGERY, AND THUS THE MEANS TO SCALE FROM FIELD SITE TO LANDSCAPES. OTHER MEMBERS OF OUR INTERDISCIPLINARY TEAM HAVE CONSIDERABLE COMPLEMENTARY EXPERTISE IN REMOTE SENSING AND IN SITU VEGETATION MENSURATION FOR MAPPING AND MONITORING VEGETATION DYNAMICS, FOREST DEMOGRAPHY PROCESS MODELING, AND OTHER RELEVANT EXPERIENCE IN ARCTIC AND BOREAL LANDSCAPES. PI GOETZ IS ALSO APPLYING TO BE SCIENCE TEAM LEAD. OUR PROPOSED ACTIVITY ADDRESSES THE TIER 2 SCIENCE OBJECTIVE FOR ABOVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS, SPECIFICALLY Q5 DETERMINE THE CAUSES OF GREENING AND BROWNING TRENDS AND THEIR IMPACTS ON ECOSYSTEM FORM AND FUNCTION. IT ALSO HAS DIRECT RELEVANCE TO Q7 DETERMINE HOW THE SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL DYNAMICS IN BOTH FAUNAL ABUNDANCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF FISH AND WILDLIFE HABITAT CO-VARY ACROSS GRADIENTS OF CLIMATE AND DISTURBANCE. THE PROPOSED ACTIVITY WILL ALSO ESTABLISH A FIRM BASIS FOR ADDRESSING THE OVERARCHING ABOVE PHASE 2 OBJECTIVE FOCUSED ON ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, SPECIFICALLY Q4 ANALYZE HOW CHANGES TO NATURAL AND CULTURAL RESOURCES WILL IMPACT LOCAL COMMUNITIES AS WELL AS INFLUENCE LAND MANAGEMENT POLICIES AND PRACTICES AND Q6 DETERMINE THE DEGREE TO WHICH CHANGING ENVIRONMENT AND ALTERED HUMAN ACTIVITIES RESULT IN SYNERGISTIC OR ANTAGONISTIC CHANGES IN ECOSYSTEM SERVICES. FINALLY, THE ACTIVITY WILL ADDRESS SEVERAL OF THE ABOVE SCIENCE QUESTIONS, PARTICULARLY 3.1 HOW ARE ENVIRONMENT
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX15AU02A  
Friday, August 14, 2015
$88,830.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
CENTRAL PITS ARE SEEN INSIDE MANY MARTIAN IMPACT CRATERS AND HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED TO BE INDICATORS OF SUBSURFACE VOLATILES. MARTIAN CENTRAL PITS ARE DIVIDED INTO FLOOR PITS (PIT OCCURS DIRECTLY ON CRATER FLOOR) AND SUMMIT PITS (PIT OCCURS ATOP A CENTRAL PEAK). AN INITIAL 3-YEAR MDAP-FUNDED STUDY OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS PRODUCED THE FIRST COMPLETE CATALOG OF THESE FEATURES FOR CRATERS 5-KM-DIAMETER AND LARGER ACROSS THE PLANET. WE HAVE INVESTIGATED THE DIAMETER RANGES OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN PIT AND CRATER DIAMETERS, PRESERVATIONAL STATE OF CRATERS CONTAINING CENTRAL PITS, AND REGIONAL CONCENTRATIONS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. ANALYSIS OF CENTRAL PIT CRATER CHARACTERISTICS AND DISTRIBUTIONS HAVE LED US TO REJECT ONE PROPOSED FORMATION MODEL (COLLAPSE OF CENTRAL PEAK), BUT THREE MORE FORMATION MODELS STILL REMAIN PLAUSIBLE (EXCAVATION INTO LAYERED TARGETS, VAPORIZATION OF TARGET ICE, AND DRAINAGE OF IMPACT-INDUCED MELT INTO SUBSURFACE FRACTURES). WE PROPOSE A NEW 4-YEAR DETAILED INVESTIGATION INTO THE CHARACTERISTICS AND FORMATION OF MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS. WE WILL PRODUCE GEOLOGIC MAPS OF TWELVE NON-DEGRADED CENTRAL PITS USING THEMIS, CTX, AND HIRISE DATA. WE WILL INCORPORATE CRISM MINERALOGIC DATA TO INFORM THE GEOLOGIC MAPPING EFFORT. WE WILL UTILIZE EXISTING OR PRODUCE NEW HRSC/HIRISE DTMS OF THESE MAPPED CENTRAL PIT CRATERS TO INVESTIGATE THE MORPHOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THESE FEATURES. WE ALSO WILL CONDUCT A MORE DETAILED STUDY OF THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RIMMED AND NON-RIMMED FLOOR PITS AND HOW THE RIMMED FLOOR PITS COMPARE WITH THE SUMMIT PITS. WE WILL USE THE DTM DATA TOGETHER WITH SHADOW MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES TO OBTAIN PIT DEPTHS AND DETERMINE IF CENTRAL PITS DISPLAY A SPECIFIC DEPTH-DIAMETER RELATIONSHIP. THE GOAL OF THIS STUDY WILL BE TO COMPLETE THE FIRST DETAILED STUDY OF FRESH MARTIAN CENTRAL PIT CRATERS AND FURTHER CONSTRAIN THE CONDITIONS WHICH FAVOR FORMATION OF THESE FEATURES. THE RESULTS OF THIS MORPHOLOGIC/MORPHOMETRIC ANALYSIS WILL PROVIDE USEFUL CONSTRAINTS TO RESEARCHERS CONDUCTING NUMERICAL MODELING OF HOW CENTRAL PITS FORM AND WILL ENHANCE OUR UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE OF VOLATILES IN THE NEAR-SURFACE REGION OF MARS.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AJ31G  
Friday, August 14, 2015
$0.00
1200: Department of Agriculture
046W: NORTHWEST OREGON CONTRACTING AREA

B: PURCHASE ORDER
NAU DEVELOPMENT OF REGEN MODEL DEVELOPMENT FOR REGION 6. IGF::OT::IGF
R499: SUPPORT- PROFESSIONAL: OTHER

  AG046WP140132  
Tuesday, June 30, 2015
$0.00
8000: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NSSC0: NASA SHARED SERVICES CENTER

G: GRANT FOR RESEARCH
IEOS, INNER EARTH OBJECTS OR INTERIOR EARTH OBJECTS ARE A NEAR EARTH SMALL BODY POPULATION THAT REPRESENTS A POTENTIAL HAZARD TO EARTH. THEIR STUDY IS COMPLICATED BY THE FACT THAT THE POPULATION SPENDS ALL OF ITS TIME INSIDE THE ORBIT OF THE EARTH, GIVING GROUND BASED TELESCOPES ONLY A SMALL WINDOW TO OBSERVE THEM. WE INTRODUCE STEREO (SOLAR TERRESTRIAL RELATIONS OBSERVATORY) AND ITS 5 YEARS OF ARCHIVAL DATA AS OUR BEST CHANCE OF STUDYING THE IEO POPULATION AND DISCOVERING POSSIBLE IMPACTOR THREATS TO EARTH. WE EXPECT TO FIND 10-100 IEOS IN THE STEREO DATASET. STEREO IS SENSITIVE TO IEOS THAT ARE NOT VISIBLE FROM THE EARTH AND HENCE SAMPLES A PART OF THE IEO POPULATION THAT IS ESSENTIALLY UNCHARACTERIZED.
AR21: R&amp;D- SPACE: SCIENCE/APPLICATIONS (BASIC RESEARCH)

  NNX12AR54G